Formal alpha-3 proposals for four Sami languages are submitted via the
official forms. This document is intended to supplement the information on
Proposal to standardize alpha-3 identifiers for Sami languages
The content of this document is based on studies carried out by different
Nordic institutions, coordinated by Sten Hedberg and Håvard Hjulstad. The
purpose was to verify which Sami languages that may be candidates for
alpha-3 identifiers in ISO 639-2. The submitters do not propose alpha-2
identifiers for any of these languages. All the languages (and some more
Sami languages) already do have separate identifiers in Finnish, Norwegian,
and Swedish libraries.
The current status is the following:
English French Indigenous Alpha-3 Alpha-2
Northern Sami sami du Nord davvisámegiella sme se
Sami languages (Other) sami, autres langues - smi -
1. Lule Sami / sami de Lule / julevusámegiella : Proposed identifier:
smj. Language spoken in Norway and Sweden. Search in the Norwegian Bibsys
library database (http://www.bibsys.no/) returned 120 documents.
2. Southern Sami / sami du Sud / åarjelsaemiengïele : Proposed
identifier: sma. Language spoken in Norway and Sweden. Search in Bibsys
returned 117 documents.
3. Inari Sami / sami d'Inari / aanaar kielâ : Proposed identifier: smn.
Language spoken in Finland. Search in Bibsys returned 21 documents; search
in the Finnish Lapponica database returned 67 documents.
4. Skolt Sami / sami skolt / sää'm%iõll [% = k-caron] : Poposed
identifier: sms. Language spoken in Finland and Russia. Search in Bibsys
returned 12 documents; search in Lapponica returned 55 documents.
There are other Sami languages. Some of these are sometimes grouped. The
following Sami languages are not proposed for alpha-3 identifiers at this
Kildin Sami : Language spoken in Russia. Possibly a future candidate.
Sometimes Eastern Sami is used to designate Kildin Sami and Akkala Sami (the
latter has very few users).
Pite Sami (or Piteå Sami) : Language spoken in Norway and Sweden. Very few
users and few documents.
Ume Sami (or Umeå Sami) : Language spoken in Sweden. Very few users and few
Ter Sami : Language spoken in Russia. Very few users and few documents.
Håvard Hjulstad 2001-11-27
Håvard Hjulstad mailto:[log in to unmask]
NO-1430 Ås, Norway
tel: +47-64944233 & +47-64963684
(The same text is also enclosed as a Word document.)