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ISOJAC  October 2003

ISOJAC October 2003

Subject:

Re: FW: Fwd: New ISO 639 alpha-3 identifier: Klingon DISCUSSION until 2003-11-21

From:

Gerhard Budin <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

ISO 639 Joint Advisory Committee <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 29 Oct 2003 09:48:02 +0100

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (217 lines)

dear Håvard,
thank you for forward this message of Mr Schoen.

I certainly accept the legitimacy of this application for a language code, given
the variety of practical uses and functions of language codes in the information
society at large and in the web and information systems in particular. In the
age of virtual reality and the manifold interactions and interdependencies
between the arts, entertainment, information, science, technology, economy,
culture, etc., and also from the perspective of language theory I see no reason
why we should not adopt a code for Klingon.
regards
Gerhard

Hjulstad schrieb:

> I forward this to the JAC list (only members of the list are permitted to
> send messages to the list).
>
> Håvard
>
> -------------------------
> Håvard Hjulstad mailto:[log in to unmask]
> http://www.hjulstad.com/havard/
> -------------------------
> all outgoing mail is scanned using Norton AntiVirus
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Dr. Lawrence M. Schoen [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
> Sent: 28. oktober 2003 22:03
> To: ISO639 JAC list; Håvard Hjulstad
> Subject: Re: [Fwd: New ISO 639 alpha-3 identifier: Klingon - DISCUSSIONuntil
> 2003-11-21]
>
> I confess I'm not certain of the propriety of my responding, but given the
> rather unique nature of this request, and the fact that I was included in
> the email loop, I'll go ahead and bring up a few points which might not
> otherwise enter into your consideration of the request.
>
> Contrary to the concern implied below, this is not simply a case where "50
> people get together and invent a language." Nor for that matter can it be
> viewed as the actual origin in which a movie studio executive acting on some
> unknown whim chooses to hire a linguist to create a language for a popular
> film and its sequels. Neither the studio exec nor the linguist/creator ever
> anticipated that, given the impact of the Star Trek franchise on popular
> culture, individuals (both with and without formal linguistic training)
> would take up the task of learning this artificial language.
>
> But that's what has happened. Moreover, two additional factors need to be
> considered when evaluating the linguistic community that describes Klingon
> speakers.
>
> First, unlike with other constructed languages which historically have
> appealed to a relatively narrow band of the socio-economic spectrum (e.g.,
> well-educated individuals seeking a universal tongue, linguaphiles,
> political-science students, and philosophers), because of its association
> with Star Trek, Klingon benefits from speakers drawn to it from the same
> broad social base that has been the target audience of the televisions
> series and films.
>
> Second, Klingon is the first constructed language to arrive on the scene at
> a time when internet access and electronic mail are relatively inexpensive
> and commonplace throughout much of the world, thereby fostering a linguistic
> community that communicates in this language across geographic distances and
> with rapid exchanges that traditionally have limited both natural and
> constructed languages in the past.
>
> My point here is that while indeed, Klingon was not created "for the purpose
> of international communication" that original intent is moot. The studio
> executive who originally commissioned the language does not speak Klingon,
> and indeed the language as it is currently used -- in daily communications,
> email exchanges, online discussions, quarterly journal articles, original
> poetry and fiction, and book length translations -- has far outstripped the
> original intent of providing some "alien color" for a film. Instead, it has
> most certainly become a method (albeit not the most effective method) of
> international communication.
>
> The Klingon Language Institute has been promoting this language for the past
> twelve years, and can point to more than 1500 members from more than 50
> nations. In fact, the original publication which serves as the initial
> sourcebook for Klingon study and practice, THE KLINGON DICTIONARY, has been
> translated into four other languages (Portuguese, Italian, German, and
> Czech), and I have been informed that more are on the way.
>
> Please, do not simply dismiss this as a trivial or frivolous request from a
> group of Sci-Fi geeks. I confess, the Klingon language community certainly
> contains individuals who aptly fit such a description. But it also contains
> main language professionals, individuals with terminal degrees, who perceive
> Klingon as something new and unique. Klingon is a constructed or artificial
> language which is growing in speakers at a time when too many naturally
> occurring languages are already endangered and more become extinct each
> year. Through Klingon and the popularity of the Star Trek franchise, we
> bring people to the study of language who otherwise most likely would never
> learn to look at their own language in terms of grammar and pragmatics,
> semantics and syntax.
>
> Take these factors into consideration, and grant Klingon the chance to reach
> more scholars; provide us with the ISO identifier we seek.
>
> Sincerely,
>
> Lawrence M. Schoen, Ph.D.
> KLI Director
>
> > We have received a request to add an ISO 639 alpha-3 identifier for
> > Klingon. The original request and some clarification done at the LoC
> > are found below.
> >
> > Please see http://www.kli.org/ for inside information. We are talking
> > about an "invented language" (although I suppose we will classify it
> > as an "artificial language").
> >
> > A sufficient number of documents seem to exist. But I still think that
> > we have a case where we need to discuss other criteria. If 50 people
> > get together and invent a language, and each write one document in the
> > language; do we register it? This language has not "native speakers"
> > (50 native speakers and 50 documents, and I wouldn't hesitate at all).
> > It has also not been developed as an artificial language for the
> > purpose of international communication. The language was developed for
> > a film. It may be a "good" invented language. Is that a criterion?
> >
> > My job is to ask questions at this point. DISCUSSION PLEASE!
> >
> > Håvard
> >
> > -------------------------
> > Håvard Hjulstad mailto:[log in to unmask]
> > http://www.hjulstad.com/havard/
> > -------------------------
> > all outgoing mail is scanned using Norton AntiVirus
> >
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Rebecca S. Guenther [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
> > Sent: 7. oktober 2003 21:59
> > To: [log in to unmask]
> > Subject: Re: New ISO 639-2 code (fwd)
> >
> >
> > We received this request for a new language code for Klingon. See also
> > the revision of number of documents at the Library of Congress.
> > However, if his other calculations are correct, it still fulfills the
> > criteria for number of documents.
> >
> > Rebecca
> >
> > ---------- Forwarded message ----------
> > Date: Thu, 25 Sep 2003 11:05:57 -0400
> > From: Milicent K Wewerka <[log in to unmask]>
> > To: [log in to unmask]
> > Subject: Re: New ISO 639-2 code (fwd)
> >
> > I don't think individual issues of a serial should count as separate
> > publications. According to my count, LC has perhaps 10 items (a
> > combination of print materials and sound recordings). Millie
> >
> >>>> "Rebecca S. Guenther" <[log in to unmask]> 09/25/03 10:56AM >>>
> > I guess this looks like it's an artificial language? He claims we have
> > 51 (but maybe some are about, not in the language). So I suppose it's
> > in scope?
> >
> > ---------- Forwarded message ----------
> > Date: Wed, 17 Sep 2003 18:57:45 -0400
> > From: WWW generic account <[log in to unmask]>
> > To: [log in to unmask]
> > Subject: New ISO 639-2 code
> >
> > This data was submitted on: Wednesday, September 17, 2003 at 18:57:45
> >
> > lang_in_eng = Klingon, tlhIngan-Hol
> > lang_in_fre = Klingon
> > ref_where_found_1 = The Klingon Dictionary, Marc Okrand, 1992
> > lang_in_vern = tlhIngan Hol ref_where_found_2 = The Klingon
> > Dictionary, Marc Okrand, 1992 trans_lit = See above reference.
> >
> > evidence = Klingon Language Institute (Flourtown, PA) -- thousands
> > (including email letters, web pages, literature in _jatmey_ journal,
> > _The Klingon Hamlet_ (two versions), _Gilgamesh_, _Much Ado About
> > Nothing_, several manuscripts in Klingon, four Master's theses on
> > Klingon (three in English, one in French), thousands of separate
> > pieces of correspondence in and about the language, over 100 works of
> > fiction containing characters claiming to speak the language, Klingon
> > reference works in Klingon and German, Portuguese, Italian, Czech,
> > etc)
> >
> > Library of Congress -- at least 51 (average of at least one per issue
> > of _HolQeD_ journal, which is archived there (47 to date), four issues
> > of _jatmey_ literary supplement (5-10 Klingon documents each), copies
> > of _The Klingon Hamlet_, _ghIlghameS_ (Klingon version of the epic of
> > Gilgamesh), _From the Grammarian's Desk_ (several Klingon documents in
> > this), _paghmo' tIn mIS_ (Klingon version of Much Ado About Nothing))
> >
> > UCLA Research Library -- at least 51 (average of at least one per
> > issue of _HolQeD_ journal (47 to date), plus, four issues of _jatmey_,
> > each with many (5-10 or so) Klingon documents)
> >
> > The International Museum of Peace and Solidarity, Samarkand,
> > Uzbekistan
> > --
> > same as at UCLA
> >
> >
> > addinfo = Studied by language enthusiasts in the hundreds (at least),
> > some dozens of whom can and do speak it conversationally.
> >
> > request_addition = ISO 639-2 only
> > 2_code_suggestion =
> > 3_code_suggestion = tlh
> > submit_name = Mark E. Shoulson
> > submit_email = [log in to unmask]
> > submit_status = Assistant Director of the Klingon Language Institute;
> > speaker of the language in question (fairly fluent but non-native;
> > there are no native speakers); Grammarian of the tlhIngan-Hol email
> > list.
> >
> >
> >
> >

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