From Steven C. Barr: "...Anyway, it was pretty well after WWII that the
"record industry" evolved
from a handful of big "record companies" that maintained their own recording
studios, mastering facilities and pressing operations..."
Electrical recordings were covered by numerous patents held by RCA and
A.T.&T. prior to the late '40s that required one to lease the recording
equipment and pay royalties on every copy sold. Indi labels only appeared
after the emergence of magnetic recording and the end of the need to pay
royalties to the patent holders. The majors responded by making their
facilities available to indi labels.
Bob Olhsson Audio Mastery, Nashville TN
Mastering, Audio for Picture, Mix Evaluation and Quality Control
Over 40 years making people sound better than they ever imagined!