From Steven C. Barr: "For recordings cut before (I think) 1948, the concept
of "artist royalties" did NOT exist (unless royalties were specifically
defined in the artist's
That's where they were always defined. They just didn't also involve a union
contract before 1948. Some artists got royalties, some didn't and some
actually owned their masters and leased reproduction rights to the labels.
Composers and arrangers of material in the public domain also obviously get
royalties. This is complicated further by labels that acquired the catalogs
of other labels.
Bob Olhsson Audio Mastery, Nashville TN
Mastering, Audio for Picture, Mix Evaluation and Quality Control
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