> -----Original Message-----
> From Anthony Baldwin:
> ... And it would be interesting to establish how many of these
> supposed "Hollywood" developments were kick-started by the
> early-1930s technical and artistic diaspora from Berlin studios such
> as UFA, where, say, lip-synching to a backing track for musical
> numbers was fully in place by 1931.
It was already happening in Hollywood during the late '20s.
Bob Olhsson Audio Mastery, Nashville TN
Mastering, Audio for Picture, Mix Evaluation and Quality Control
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