Along these lines, Gerald Gibson compiled a huge bibliography for the old
AAA or IASA.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Michael Biel" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Friday, December 04, 2009 10:33 AM
Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] Instantanous disk litterature
> Lars Gaustad wrote:
>> I have a student who would like to conclude her bachelor degree with work
>> on degradation, cleaning and replay of recordable aluminum disks.
> Usually when we refer to discs just as "aluminum discs" we think first of
> the embossed uncoated aluminum discs that were used in the late 1920s
> through 1934 and occasionally after. I'm not sure if these were used much
> in Europe, and from the following I suppose that this is not what your
> student means.
>> So I ask you for hints on reference literature on instantaneous disks
>> ( acetates, lacquers, whatever your choice of term might be) in general,
>> and aluminum disks specifically.
>> lars gaustad senior preservation advisor national library of norway
> Because aluminum was only one of the bases used for coated discs (such as
> glass, steel, plastic.and fibre) I generally wouldn't suggest the word
> "aluminum" be used as a general description word. "Lacquer" or "lacquer
> coated" is preferred. "Acetate" is incorrect because the discs were not
> coated with cellulose acetate, it was cellulose nitrate, so nitrate should
> have been the name but it was rarely used. I discuss in my Ph.D.
> dissertation "The Making and Use of Recordings in Broadcasting Before
> 1936" why broadcasters fell into the habit of calling them acetates -- it
> was because there were discs PRESSED of acetate in the early and mid-30s
> (such as Flexo pressings for Brunswick transcriptions and the flexible
> clay colored discs for World Broadcasting System) and the special needles
> used for playing them were also used for lacquers. I have come across
> examples of pressed acetate discs with vinegar smell, and this is
> IMPOSSIBLE with lacquer discs because they WEREN'T acetate, so this is an
> important reason why not to call lacquer discs "acetate".
> There were several good guides published in the era of the discs that are
> good guides to how they were treated at the time. AudioDevices published
> several editions of "How To Make Good Recordings" and there were two
> editions of "The Recording and Reproduction of Sound" by Oliver Read which
> have good information on the cutting of the discs. Playback methods have
> vastly changed, of course, and the preservation and cleaning of the discs
> was not an issue back then. I should note that there were other types of
> "soft-cut" discs used in Europe in the 30s and war years such as gelatin
> as floppy and coated on glass or aluminum, Decelith, etc. that are rarely
> discussed in American works. It is especially important to be able to
> note the gelatin coated discs from around 1933 to 35 because the coating
> is water soluble. I've only seen examples in a private collection in
> England, but I suppose they exist elsewhere.
> The subject is complicated, and even more so in Europe if your student
> wants to be all-inclusive. If the only interest is in the standard most
> often encountered lacquer coated aluminum base disc, there are a lot of
> publications and postings that discuss these. ARSC-AAA published an
> extensive preservation manual about 20 years ago, and there are a number
> of web sites that have pages about the topic. But there is a lot of
> mis-information floating around out there.
> Mike Biel [log in to unmask]