Years ago I proposed the heading Icelandic Canadians and the heading was
not approved and I was reminded that LCSH only establishes headings for
ethnic groups within the U.S. The Subject Headings Manual does make this
clear in instruction sheet H 1919.5 Nationalities:
1. General procedures
b. Use of geographic subdivision. These headings are used only to
designate the presence of nationalities outside their native countries.
Therefore, they are never assigned without local subdivision. Whenever a
nationality heading is assigned, further subdivide it by the place where
the presence of the nationality is being discussed, for example,
With the exception of American ethnic groups, specific nationalities in
foreign countries are designated in this manner, rather than by composite
names such as German Brazilians.
Note: Do not confuse this type of prohibited composite nationality name
with names for true ethnic groups, i.e. groups with a common cultural and
linguistic heritage, whose names are by chance in composite form, such as
2. Procedures for nationalities in the United States.
a. Establishing and assigning headings. Establish headings for
individual nationalities living in the United States in the composite form
[...] Americans (May Subd Geog), for example, Japanese Americans (May Subd
Geog), German Americans (May Subd Geog). Do not hyphenate these headings.
These headings represent the permanent residents of the United States,
including naturalized citizens. For aliens living in the United States,
students from abroad, etc., assign a heading of the type described in the
general procedures section on pp. 1-2 of this instruction sheet, for
example, Japanese--United States, Germans--United States.
Therefore, in LCSH to bring out the concept of Middle Eastern Canadians,
you must assign:
Library and Archives Canada, on the other hand, does establish composite
headings for nationalities in Canada. You can search Canadian Subject
Headings online to see what they have used in CSH, and you could assign
their headings in your records as long as you code them as coming from CSH
(6XX second indicator value 5). CSH does not have a heading for Middle
Eastern Canadians, however.
Adam L. Schiff
University of Washington Libraries
Seattle, WA 98195-2900
(206) 685-8782 fax
[log in to unmask]
On Tue, 13 Apr 2010, Horne, Carl Stanley wrote:
> Dear SACO colleagues,
> At Indiana U. Library we need a subject heading for a book about Canadians of Middle Eastern ancestry, something like "Middle Eastern Canadians". There is an authorized heading for "Middle Eastern Americans". Among Canadians, however, the only subject headings I find are "French Canadians" and "Canadians, English-speaking". I would have thought that long, long since there would be a heading for "Ukrainian Canadians", to take one example.
> In deference to Libraries & Archives Canada (and to Canadian multiculturalism, perhaps), are such headings simply not made? If not, how can a cataloger express the concept? Are such headings made only for ethnic groups in the U.S. -- I also find no analogous headings for ethnic groups among Australians. In looking through the Subject Cataloging Manual I don't find anything that specifically prevents such headings.
> Thanks in advance for any shed-able light.
> Carl Horne
> Slavic and Central Eurasian Cataloger
> & NACO/SACO Liaison
> Indiana University Library
> Bloomington, IN 47408