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ARSCLIST  November 2013

ARSCLIST November 2013

Subject:

Re: The new "Kind of Blue" remasters explained

From:

Tom Fine <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Association for Recorded Sound Discussion List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:49:46 -0500

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text/plain

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Andrew's post gets right to the heart of what I've been saying. I'd add that there are BUSINESS 
reasons to be very sure that your end product is liked by descision-drivers like critics and 
hardcore fans. In the case of beloved older recordings, that means you don't mess up the "sonic 
memory." You can enhance it and even improve it, but if you get radically different from what people 
expect to hear from a recording they loved long before you came along to re-package it, they'll turn 
on you and your business model will be shot. By "you" I mean the "royal you" of all players in the 
commercial recording business, particularly remastering engineers and producers.

That said, I do think that the market has proven that taking care to go back to first-generation 
tapes, playing them back carefully, and watching what you do in the digital domain (for instance, 
have an excellent A-D chain, be tasteful and conservative with DSP, compare remixing outside the box 
and make sure it doesn't sound better or more "authentic" before you default to mix in the box, etc) 
will often lead to an improvement of the "sonic memory" and will succeed in the marketplace.

I would also suggest that anyone who thinks that re-issue producing and remastering isn't a good 
part art as well as craft will not be good at it nor will they succeed in the marketplace. It's 
music, not test tones, so it ain't pure science. In some cases (definitely not all), what makes a 
hell of a lot of sense in theory or in the lab, just doesn't work in the real-deal marketplace (and 
vice-versa -- consider the niche market for "hifi tweaks" and expensive wires that I have yet to see 
any standard electrical measurements proving their superiority).

I'd also suggest, bottom line, that people who buy recorded music want it to connect emotionally 
more than they want it to sound clinically-pure. This can mean various things at various times in 
the business of recording, producing and mastering music. And the aesthetic of the marketplace 
changes over time, so it's a moving target.

-- Tom Fine

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Andrew Dapuzzo" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Friday, November 22, 2013 9:41 AM
Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] The new "Kind of Blue" remasters explained


>I agree, "everybody's goal is the same. It has to sound like original
> intent."  What was that?
>
> I worked for Agfa back in the 80s and I remember setting up thee multitrack
> recorders to compare Ampex 456, 3M 250 and our Agfa 468.  I was able to
> demonstrate that the Agfa tape sounded closer to the live music.  My
> youthful enthusiasm was crushed, however, when Murray Allen said, "OK, if
> Ampex is distorting the sound I like it".  We can't assume something, even
> third harmonic distortion, is a bad thing.
>
> On the other hand, back in the day Bruce Swedien used both analogue and
> digital recorders synced together to record some off the biggest records in
> history.  He didn't like what digital did to the vocals (or he liked
> what analogue did to vocals?).  I wonder how he would feel about today's
> digital processing of his recording.
>
> Finally, I worked very closely with mastering studios that would often
> provide three different masters.  One for LP, one for cassette and one for
> CD.  Each medium had challenges.  I often thought, at the time, that you
> wouldn't need any additional processing for CD but I was wrong.  So in the
> end, what is the correct sound?  The LP, the cassette, the CD or the
> original two track master delivered to the mastering studio?
>
> Andrew DaPuzzo
> Sony DADC
>
>
> On Thu, Nov 21, 2013 at 9:02 PM, Jamie Howarth <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
>
>> Thank you. A clear clean accurate time-stable flat tape playback is the
>> best source since it replicates and extends the performance designed into
>> the scribe, the medium, the canvas. No amount of color-shifting could bring
>> back the luminosity and color balance in the famed Tintorettos in the
>> ceiling of the Doges Palace in Venice. When they were cleaned a small
>> handful of the viewers still wished they looked varnished and old. But for
>> the vast majority, including many who initially decried the intervention,
>> the results were a revelation - again cleaned, not repainted. They are
>> beautiful.
>>
>> If the original producer and engineer were working around the tape
>> playback sonics and the only method to match the original seems to be to
>> utilize the original tube machine it would imply a choice made at the
>> original session to compensate for the recorder - If the original team made
>> adjustments because of inaccuracies in the NAB de-emphasis of the 300
>> (which exist) those inaccuracies may need to be re-introduced and then
>> analyzed in order to sort out what's going on - as in the strategy of
>> listening to a seriously "hyped" tape on the actual original speakers the
>> hype was meant to counteract - not to master upon, but to gain proper
>> perspective to cross-EQ it for today's audio systems. Notice I didn't say
>> for today's market. Do the former scrupulously and the latter will take
>> care of itself- it will match "sonic memory". So I can envision a scenario
>> where a set it 300 electronics attached to our off-the-head pre-emph
>> output, listening through the original inaccurate NAB could lend that
>> perspective. If indeed that was an improvement it would be the result of an
>> awareness of the 300s inaccuracy among the originators of the material that
>> was compensated for: by anything from mic choice/placement, or a click-step
>> on the Pultec.
>> But I'd then shoot the system to see what the counteraction is that's
>> required ...and I wager that it's going to be a small but crucial frequency
>> response tweak - and once madeyou can then cut out the 300 electronics and
>> it will sound right. If not, f=+k it use the electronics as a passthrough,
>> and enjoy the result.
>>
>> I'm convinced everybody's goal is the same. It has to sound like original
>> intent. And I remain utterly unconvinced that vintage tape players are the
>> best way to achieve that. Where the original tools work is in the mastering
>> phase, and again, a Pultec exact emulation of the one on the LP master that
>> the original experts used - expertly re-employed - will do the trick even
>> if it's a box full of DSP or ICs.
>>
>> And carrying this to the wall?
>> We had a great compliment wherein a big record was described in a
>> comparison of the existing transfers (excellent) compared to our recent
>> transfer was that the existing sounded like polished stainless steel, and
>> ours sounded like polished chrome. And it was clear they'd been shooting
>> for that from the original console output. Not bragging. Too humbled to do
>> so. But it was telling. And it taught us. Getting closer to what was
>> actually recorded was the goal.
>>
>> Playing that through a transistor radio and sub mixing it in along with 5
>> compressors and a tube stage for fun, and three Pultecs set flat might have
>> romanticized it and made it more nostalgic, but that would have been
>> aesthetically and commercially crazy.
>> And yeah it needed some expert mastering to get the most out if it, not by
>> us. By one of the best. And he was able to do his thing better with the
>> original intent even more obvious to him than before.
>> And when it's released if ever, it will sound like chrome. Which is what
>> the original guy was sweating bullet to get across.
>> That's the work.
>> We all want the same thing, do the best, do no harm, stay humble, and
>> transparent. And we have to render judgment constantly and carefully to
>> deliver wonderful material recorded with technological challenges unknown
>> today, in such a manner that the real deal, the players, the room, the guy
>> sweating bullets at the console, everybody, gets the props and we don't
>> throw a today listener out of the record with some bone/headed choice based
>> either in hubristic futurism or dogged colonial retrograde methodology.
>> It's possible. That's the job.
>> And it starts with as accurate a rendition of the recording as is possible.
>>
>>
>> Please pardon the misspellings and occassional insane word substitution
>> I'm on an iPhone
>>
>> > On Nov 21, 2013, at 10:46 AM, Carl Pultz <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
>> >
>> > Thanks Mr. Howarth. There is much insight offered in that message and
>> thank
>> > you for sharing it. I do sound engineering, but am not engaged in this
>> work,
>> > so I'm more a consumer who has some technical insight than a practitioner
>> > who has opinions earned by experience. The most interesting bit of Mr.
>> > Wilder's info for me was this:
>> >
>> >>>> An upside to working from the archive files was the ability to chase
>> >>>> the original fader moves done during the mix in 1959. We constantly
>> >>>> compared to an early pressing - mono and stereo - and worked bar by
>> >>>> bar to duplicate the level moves on the three tracks to match as well
>> as
>> > possible.
>> >
>> > I assume he means he drew volume curves in his DAW to replicate the fader
>> > adjustments audible in the finished product. How cool is that?! With the
>> > three tracks isolated, he could figure out what they originally did.
>> This is
>> > essential, and an aspect of some reissues that I've found dissatisfying.
>> > I'll pick one track to illustrate, which also happens to be from
>> Columbia:
>> > I. Berlin's Russian Lullaby, Jimmy Rushing and band. I first heard it
>> from
>> > the CD collection Jazz: The Singers 1950s, part of a Columbia Jazz
>> > Masterpieces series.
>> >
>> > Although the CJM issues are mostly frowned upon, when the sources were
>> > decent, the discs sound okay, and this tune comes up great. It cooks, it
>> > steams, it almost boils over with energy. After the vocal intro, there's
>> a
>> > long organ solo by Sir Charles Thomson, a bit understated but sharp, that
>> > builds tension. Then Buddy Tate enters like an after-burner and draws
>> that
>> > groove even tighter up to Rushing's final chorus. It's about the most
>> > exhausting and joyous 5+ minutes I know of in recorded music.
>> >
>> > Enter a later reissue of the whole Jimmy Rushing session. Where the
>> earlier
>> > version was clearly from a mix master, the new project apparently went to
>> > the multitracks. Clearer, more room sound, less fuzziness, more dynamic
>> > nuance. Trouble is, Russian Lullaby just sits there, politely. In
>> > comparison, there is less density, less of the sense of interaction
>> between
>> > solos and rhythm section. The big clue was the organ, which is clearly
>> at a
>> > lower volume than before, which was confirmed when Tate entered at a
>> higher
>> > level. I imagine they were careful with the organ, in case Thomson threw
>> in
>> > some 'stings'. They knew that Tate would have a smooth delivery.
>> >
>> > Going back to the CJM version, it was clear that much of the magic,
>> though
>> > the product of the players, was conveyed in the mixdown. It was an active
>> > mix. You can hear them ride gain. IIRC, there's a short guitar solo from
>> > Skeeter Best, which is made to sit with the other sounds. There seems to
>> be
>> > some gentle variance in the rhythm section balance that helps underline
>> the
>> > forward momentum. Having brought the organ up, they backed off on Tate
>> and
>> > gave him room to work his accents. It's probably a gentle push against a
>> > limiter that helps to create that density and a feeling that you are
>> sitting
>> > right there with the band.
>> >
>> > If you were sitting right there with the band, that's how you would have
>> > experienced it, with the mixer in your head. The active mix helped to
>> > recreate that sensation. The producer knew the effect. He'd been to the
>> > clubs, sat a few feet from the stage, and knew what the experience was
>> like.
>> > And he knew the task of recording was to recreate that experience. The
>> later
>> > reissue, impressive as a technical exercise, leaves you on the sideline
>> > because it is only half done. The record was only begun at that stage.
>> >
>> > You could say that the value of the neutral remaster is the insight we
>> can
>> > gain into the process. You might also say that it is more true to a
>> Tuesday
>> > afternoon at 3 o'clock on a brightly lit industrial factory floor, where
>> the
>> > men may have had to close their eyes and imagine themselves to be where
>> this
>> > music was supposed to be made. The original mix might have been done in
>> one
>> > pass. They probably smiled, muttered 'damn!', lit smokes, and moved on to
>> > the next tune.
>> >
>> > Recreating it could take hours. There was a budget, there was a time,
>> > neither as lavish as Miles would get. The market clamored for a supposed
>> > master-tape realism. It's better to have the music than not have it.
>> > Granted. I'll take all those insights and add appreciation for how
>> > challenging a thorough recreation is to accomplish. But, when I want to
>> > experience Russian Lullaby, I know which disc I'll put on.
>> >
>> > -----Original Message-----
>> > From: Association for Recorded Sound Discussion List
>> > [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of Jamie Howarth
>> > Sent: Wednesday, November 20, 2013 9:51 PM
>> > To: [log in to unmask]
>> > Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] The new "Kind of Blue" remasters explained
>> >
>> > Tape is in good shape, just some riffling on the edges that any decent
>> > machine will take in stride.
>> > Wilder knows the tape and the catalog and he's really good. Enough said.
>> >
>> > Matching the sound that people are used to only makes sense if the sound
>> > they are used to is correct. Otherwise they should have remastered it 1/4
>> > tone off-pitch. Accurate playback never undermines the validity of an
>> > archive or a remaster, it's the remastering choices that can screw it up.
>> > Which in this case clearly didn't happen.
>> >
>> > I guarantee Mark would never just "antique" a tape playback for marketing
>> > purposes. He's too good. Running something through tubes is not why Mark
>> may
>> > (or may not) have used a Pultec, it's simply because that's what was
>> used on
>> > the original, and Laico knew what he was doing, and to get it to sound
>> right
>> > you gotta use the same filter curves. If those curves were readily and
>> > exactly available in top-notch DSP (they're not) then that would have
>> been
>> > fine. That's not  "thinking too much as a scientist or engineer" that's
>> > thinking as somebody who has never yet seen a case where a faulty or
>> > diminished playback yields more aesthetically valid results compared to a
>> > more accurate rendition of the recording's original intent. And Wilder
>> > didn't play it on an Ampex 300. QED. He knows that the ATR is more
>> neutral,
>> > and more of the music will come through.
>> >
>> > We tried to get in with Battery on this one and missed, not sure why -
>> and
>> > pitched hard for it, on the premise that we might be able to pull
>> slightly
>> > more from the tape with our electronics than the 1975/Spitz ATR, as we
>> have
>> > done elsewhere.  And that the tape speed issues would automatically
>> correct
>> > themselves, that part is a no-brainer.  Mark expressed the reasonable
>> > disinclination to play the tape again...  the producer OTOH actually
>> states
>> > that often he favors the lower-fi vibe of his recollection than going for
>> > precision audio. I think he suspects that if it's too pristine it will be
>> > less emotional. I don't see how that's the case, seems to me that
>> whatever
>> > takes the intervening noise and distortion out of the way of the
>> performance
>> > is to the good. Above my pay grade. He gets good results, and is
>> > well-regarded and on this point we simply disagree a bit.
>> >
>> > But there's no way a slightly clearer tape reproduction would have thrown
>> > anybody out of the record. And again, 90% is the mastering skill -
>> obviously
>> > having the best raw source is important. And a top-notch playback with
>> speed
>> > correction is not going to circumvent the art and tech burned into the
>> tape,
>> > it will simply convey it more exactly. And then Mark does his thing, and
>> the
>> > result is beauty.
>> >
>> > Another thing I think is commonly romanticized about the older equipment
>> and
>> > which is misguided is the notion that their guts are mystical, and that
>> you
>> > gotta have these because they sound "better" than anything contemporary,
>> > which is nuts. The reason the vintage gear is popular (maybe too popular)
>> > is because it's the stuff that has survived because it was good. API 550s
>> > would not have worked on this record because the Q is sharper and the
>> > frequency points are different, not because of the transistors. It's a
>> > compatibility issue, in a sense. You simply could twist the API's knobs
>> > until doomsday and not match the Pultecs. Neither is better than the
>> other.
>> > They're different, not so much because of how they achieve gain, or the
>> > circuit topology - but because the knobs sound different when you twist
>> > them. And unfortunately most of the recent digital stuff doesn't really
>> > operate like the old stuff - because the old stuff was designed with a
>> slide
>> > rule based on what sounded good to the engineer, not the other way
>> around. A
>> > lot of the effects devices of that era were designed by ear, and the
>> curves
>> > were purpose-built for the studios and styles of the day - they worked.
>> They
>> > call it "work" for a reason. These were working guys, listening and
>> twisting
>> > knobs until it "worked". The Rupert Neve 80xx equalizers were broad as
>> hell,
>> > and had really useful carefully chosen frequency points (by real mixers)
>> and
>> > that's why they sounded good and have survived as classics, not because
>> they
>> > were using slow 3055's driving a transformer.
>> >
>> > In the case of this recording, where Teo and Laico made a great effort
>> to be
>> > as realistic as possible, and where some correction had to have done on
>> the
>> > original LPs  - because nothing matched the control room without more
>> "work"
>> > done on it - you gotta assume that they were the best judges at how to
>> get
>> > the control room sound onto the vinyl. And using a Pultec or LA-2A or
>> > whatever doesn't do that because its tubes, or its vintage, it does that
>> > because that's the tools they used, those are the filter curves they were
>> > hearing. Recently I've been trying to figure out how to un-hype the
>> elevated
>> > top of a Bones Howe recording, wherein the tones are perfectly spot-on.
>> > Notwithstanding the fact that I don't have the exact mastering gear he
>> and
>> > the mastering guy did, it's possible to mock up a system that is similar
>> to
>> > what they might have had in their homes when listening to the
>> check-lacquers
>> > that this EQ master is a derivation of.  And listening on a pair of AR
>> 4xs
>> > lent great insight into what they thought sounded right, because on those
>> > speakers it sounded like it should - "by the tones" on an Plangent/ATR -
>> > only  if the tweeter level was backed off a quarter turn. Which they
>> > probably did to make sure they didn't release something too dull for AM
>> > radio.  So there you go, Reverse engineering that transfer-function with
>> a
>> > DSP equalizer came very close to their original intent on modern
>> equipment,
>> > and when it got to be exactly what it took to un-ring the bell of the AR
>> > speaker (considered as a "filter") suddenly the tape sounded right, all
>> on
>> > modern gear. A lot of cross-EQ but it wasn't done by going back to
>> ancient
>> > equipment So there's where the use of vintage equipment can lend insight
>> > into original intent without being strapped with the obvious downside of
>> > lower-fidelity gear. . And probably if I could mime the exact equalizers
>> in
>> > the mastering chain i'd do even better. And probably the easiest way to
>> do
>> > that would be with a Pultec likely to have been in the mastering chain on
>> > the day it was cut - but not because it's tubes, but because that's
>> probably
>> > what was in the room in 1965 as Bones and the mastering guy corrected it
>> for
>> > release.
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >> On Nov 20, 2013, at 9:57 AM, Tom Fine wrote:
>> >>
>> >> Hi John:
>> >>
>> >> The rationale was three-fold:
>> >>
>> >> 1. play the tape as little as possible because it's not in good shape
>> >>
>> >> 2. try to match the sound to what people are used to. This album has a
>> > huge "sonic memory" out there with the buying public and critics. If the
>> > reissue team didn't reference the original LPs for the mix and the
>> general
>> > sonic ambience, they'd get slammed by critics and careful-listening fans.
>> > Those who don't "get" or accept this rationale are thinking too much as a
>> > scientist or engineer and not enough as a music business person. One has
>> to
>> > understand the market, plain and simple. Deviating too far from what I
>> call
>> > a "sonic memory" is toxic to sales. I can cite numerous examples.
>> >>
>> >> 3. given that Mark Wilder has a long track record of excellent remasters
>> > that sell well, I tend to trust his judgement to mix outside the box. In
>> my
>> > own experiments with using, for instance Izotope's "mastering EQ"
>> plug-in in
>> > Sony Soundforge vs. going back out to analog and using my Great River
>> > mastering equalizer, I always prefer the Great River. I do not believe
>> that
>> > DSP has gotten as good-sounding as the best analog gear for "sweetening"
>> > something to an individual's taste. I'd trust the Great River or my
>> trusty
>> > Pultec equalizers anyday over any DSP I've heard. I would also trust
>> Mark's
>> > analog mixer over, for instance, the ubiquitous Protools mixing
>> interface.
>> > Again, this is not worth arguing if someone is a hardcore believer in
>> doing
>> > these things in the box. Tomato, tomahto. Wilder and Sony have a proven
>> > track record of sales to back up their work methods.
>> >>
>> >> I also think they cut new LPs out of the mixdown process. Like the LP
>> > niche-renaissance or not, cutting an LP that will retail for $30 with a
>> $10
>> > profit for the issuer is a good business move for a popular title like
>> this.
>> >>
>> >> Regarding why the mono -- purely a marketing choice. There are many fans
>> > out there, myself included, who prefer the mono version of this album and
>> > are thrilled to have it in a high-resolution new version (I'm probably
>> not
>> > alone having worn out my original mono Columbia LP). Like the mono
>> Beatles
>> > albums, at least up to Sgt. Pepper -- and we can debate whether this is
>> true
>> > all the way through their last mono offering, the White Album -- with the
>> > Miles Davis small-group albums of the late 50s and early 60s, the music
>> > hangs together better in the mono mixes. I immediately notice that I hear
>> > complete ensemble songs instead of compositions of well-played sounds
>> coming
>> > from three different directions. I feel the same way about the Blue Note
>> > small-group records up to the mid-60s. Small-group jazz does lend itself
>> to
>> > close-in mic'ing in order to get all the details of playing. But, then
>> > taking those close-mic'd signals and building them into a non-distracting
>> > stereo image took some learning and practice. It still wasn't right in
>> the
>> > 70s, when you'd have close-in wide-spread stereo mic'ing of the piano
>> > (inside the lid, invariably) and drums, but have single-mic'd horns then
>> > spread across the soundstage (think of Pablo small-group records made at
>> A&R
>> > or Group IV studios). It was unrealistic, like one's head was
>> simultaneously
>> > inside the piano, drum set and yet out in the room to hear the horns
>> spread
>> > across a plain. One can get used to it, but an excellent mono mix keeps
>> just
>> > the music and the ensemble front and center.
>> >>
>> >> Given how terrible the original CD reissues of Sony's jazz library
>> sounded
>> > (including "Kind of Blue"), I am thrilled that lessons were learned and
>> > budgets are being used to get us modern remasters that are faithful to
>> the
>> > "sonic memory" but also crisp and clear and dynamic as is expected in a
>> > modern setting. To my ears, the "Kind of Blue" remasters keep the balance
>> > and vitality of the original issues but remove several layers of fuzz and
>> > gauze, so you get the same instrument tonality and mix approved by the
>> > original team, but it's now like you're hearing it out of the original
>> > signal chain instead of behind a layer of cutting-master tape smear and
>> LP
>> > fuzz. Oh, and this stereo version is speed-corrected, unlike the original
>> > LP.
>> >>
>> >> -- Tom Fine
>> >>
>> >> ----- Original Message ----- From: "John Haley" <[log in to unmask]>
>> >> To: <[log in to unmask]>
>> >> Sent: Wednesday, November 20, 2013 9:30 AM
>> >> Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] The new "Kind of Blue" remasters explained
>> >>
>> >>
>> >>> Of course they should have used the session tapes, not later mixdowns.
>> >>> That's a given.   The part I don't get here is doing DA and AD
>> conversion
>> >>> just to use the analog mixer, if I understood that right.  The
>> >>> resulting
>> >>> 192/24 signal has thus been unnecessarily converted twice already and
>> >>> subjected to a bunch of old analog electronics.  Also, I don't get
>> >>> the need for a mono version derived from the same tapes, and
>> >>> personally, instead of that I would much rather have had a
>> >>> three-track SACD version, which they have precluded, but that's me.
>> >>>
>> >>> Best,
>> >>> John Haley
>> >>>
>> >>>
>> >>>
>> >>> On Wed, Nov 20, 2013 at 6:44 AM, Tom Fine
>> > <[log in to unmask]>wrote:
>> >>>
>> >>>> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z_p7Qbb_LAo
>> >>>>
>> >>>> Miles Davis "Kind of Blue" archival transfer made by Mark Wilder on
>> >>>> an ATR-100.
>> >>>>
>> >>>> This text (below) copied from the Kind of Blue description at
>> >>>> HDTracks.com (HIGHLY recommend the new 192/24 downloads of BOTH
>> >>>> stereo and mono, they sound fantastic): The new mono mix is also in
>> >>>> the new Miles Davis Mono CD box set. As I understand the description
>> >>>> below and in other interviews with Wilder and Berkowitz, the 192/24
>> >>>> transfer from the 3-track was a straight, high-quality NAB playback.
>> >>>> Then all remixing and remastering was done by bringing the 3-track
>> >>>> high-resolution digital back out to analog, mixing and processing
>> >>>> using analog equipment, and then back to a 192/24 stereo (and
>> >>>> mono) master.
>> >>>>
>> >>>> -----------------------------------------------
>> >>>> Kind of Blue Becomes Digital, by Engineer Mark Wilder
>> >>>>
>> >>>> "Since the Kind of Blue mixed masters are multiple generations from
>> >>>> the original (due to excessive play/wear), we decided to go directly
>> >>>> to the original session reels. Not only does this put us at the
>> >>>> original session as a starting point, but it also allows us to deal
>> >>>> with the pitch issue as well.
>> >>>>
>> >>>> The three, 3-track half-inch tapes are in good condition, but age
>> >>>> has force them to "scallop" a little, meaning that the edges curl
>> >>>> away from the tape head. This changed the initial focus from mixing
>> >>>> from the originals to archiving them before mixing and working from
>> >>>> the archive files. This allowed us to gently guide the tape against
>> >>>> the playback head to get optimal contact and fidelity.
>> >>>>
>> >>>> The archiving was done at 192kHz/24 bits, played from a modified
>> >>>> Ampex ATR 104, and hard-wired to HDCD Model 2's directly patched to
>> >>>> a Lynx 2 sound card.
>> >>>>
>> >>>> An upside to working from the archive files was the ability to chase
>> >>>> the original fader moves done during the mix in 1959. We constantly
>> >>>> compared to an early pressing - mono and stereo - and worked bar by
>> >>>> bar to duplicate the level moves on the three tracks to match as well
>> as
>> > possible.
>> >>>>
>> >>>> Each channel was converted to analog and passed through a GML mixer,
>> >>>> bussed to stereo or mono - depending on the release format - and
>> >>>> converted once again to 192Kc/24 bits. At the GML, we inserted
>> >>>> processing where needed."
>> >>>>
>> >>>> - Mark Wilder, Battery Studios
>> >>>>
>> >>>> ----------------------------------------------------------
>> >>>>
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