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651 is the appropriate field for a geographic name used as a subject.  That
you can subdivide the name by topical, time period, and form/genre terms
does not change the fact that the initial term is geographical rather than
topical.  The correct EAD encoding for your example is <geogname
encodinganalog="651">United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal


At 03:12 PM 10/29/2002 -0500, you wrote:
>Hello all,
>After reviewing the new edition of the RLG EAD guidelines, I've been
>reconsidering a decision I made when planning how our <controlaccess> fields
>should be encoded.  The RLG guidelines, like many I looked at when coming up
>with our template, recommend encoding 651 MARC fields as <geogname> elements
>in the high-level <controlaccess>, but I feel that in most situations
><subject> is more appropriate.
>I may be splitting hairs, but I have reservations about encoding 651 fields
>in <geogname>.  As the tag library states, <geogname> encodes "the proper
>noun designation for a place..."  If the value of a 651 field was simply
>"United States," I would encode it in <geogname>, but it is very rare that
>our MARC records would have such a general 651 field.  In the case of
>"United States |x History |y Civil War, 1861-1865 |x Personal narrative."
>isn't that more accurately called a subject?
>Does anyone consider it bad EAD form to encode 651 fields as
><subject encodinganalog="651">United States--History--Civil War,
>1861-1865--Personal narratives.</subject>, rather than as
><geogname encodinganalog="651">United States--History--Civil War,
>1861-1865--Personal narratives.</geogname> ?
>Thanks for the feedback,
>Michael Rush - Manuscript Processor
>Massachusetts Historical Society
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