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And what about:

   Spring Quarter 1999

? Your application will need some rules on what to do with a whole variety
of dates.

What I find in the MARC Holdings documentation is this:
***************
Months and seasons may be expressed either in natural language or by the
following codes: Month:
01-12 - Month

Season:
21 - Spring
22 - Summer
23 - Autumn
24 - Winter
*****************
I don't know how November/December is coded, nor if there is some kind of
convention outside of the library world for these dates.

kc

At 05:58 PM 8/15/2003 -0400, Bruce D'Arcus wrote:
>OK, going back to this issue of dates, how do I code:
>
>February, 1999
>
>Here I am assuming: <dateIssued encoding="w3cdtf">1999-02</dateIssued>
>
>Is that right?
>
>What about:
>
>November/December 1999
>
>Bruce
>
>On Thursday, April 17, 2003, at 09:34  AM, Rebecca S. Guenther wrote:
>
>>The "Summer 1996" I would consider a chronological designation. In fact
>>some journals use only an indication of year, month, season, etc. as
>>the
>>only designation. We propose also adding a date (if we used Karen's
>>suggestion, it would be called subDocDate) to include such
>>designations. That date could be structured or unstructured (i.e. as
>>text). If structured it could be expressed as YYYYMMDD (used in MODS as
>>encoding=iso8601) or YYYY-MM-DD (encoding=w3cdtf), or we could even
>>consider an encoding=marc and use coded data from the MARC holdings
>>format (there is indeed a method to encode Summer 1996 using a
>>convention
>>defined in MARC: (see: http://www.loc.gov/marc/chrono_patterns.html),
>>where seasons are defined as: 21 Spring; 22 Summer; 23 Autumn; 24
>>Winter.)  That's probably going a bit too far but it is available.
>>
>>If the only designation is chronological the question arises whether
>>the
>>information goes in subDocDate or gets parsed like volume and issue. (I
>>would suggest the former since then it could follow the other encodings
>>for dates).
>>
>>Rebecca
>>
>>On Wed, 16 Apr 2003, Bruce D'Arcus wrote:
>>
>>>On Wednesday, April 16, 2003, at 02:10  PM, Karen Coyle wrote:
>>>
>>>>An example of a use of these records would be in citation software.
>>>>Depending on your citation style the enumeration may be expressed as
>>>>"1993,
>>>>v. 3, n. 7" or "3:7, 1993". That's easier to do if the captions are
>>>>separate (or even eliminated, which citation software seems to do).
>>>
>>>Exactly.  In general, you want pure numbers to allow for just the
>>>flexibility you note, but you also want to leave for room -- as you
>>>say
>>>-- for things like "Summer," which ought to just be a straight text
>>>field.
>>>
>>>Bruce