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> Contents of LIBRI: international journal of libraries and information
> services, 54 (2) June 2004
> 
> 
> Profile of LIS Applicants Selecting Different Specialisations
> CHRISTOPHER S.G. KHOO and CHENNUPATI K. RAMAIAH
> 
> A Study of Israeli Library and Information Science Students'
> Perceptions of Their Profession
> SHIFRA BARUCHSON-ARBIB and SHERRY MENDELOVITZ
> 
> Universal access through time: archiving strategies for digital
> publications
> WIM VAN DRIMMELEN
> 
> Commercial Libraries in an Indian City: an Ethnographic Sketch
> LISA KLOPFER
> 
> Academic Authors and Open Archives: A Survey in the Social Science
> Field
> EUGENIO PELIZZARI
> 
> Content on Agricultural Research Organisation Web Sites: A Study of
> International Trends
> JUSTIN CHISENGA
> 
> Measuring University Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment
> Analysis
> GERHARD REICHMANN
> 
> 
> ABSTRACTS FOLLOW BELOW
> 
> Profile of LIS Applicants Selecting Different Specialisations
> CHRISTOPHER S.G. KHOO and CHENNUPATI K. RAMAIAH
> 
> The Division of Information Studies at the Nanyang Technological
> University, Singapore, revised its curriculum in 2000 and defined
> eight areas of specialisation. Applicants to the MSc (Information
> Studies) programme were asked to fill out a questionnaire and indicate
> the specialisation and the subjects in which they were interested. A
> cluster analysis of students based on the subjects they selected
> identified four clusters of students corresponding to the following
> areas: library service, digital library, information technology, and
> knowledge management. A statistical analysis was then performed to
> identify the characteristics and background of applicants selecting
> the various specialisations and belonging to the different clusters.
> Applicants selecting different specialisations were found to have
> different profiles, educational and employment backgrounds. Age and
> gender differences were also found.  Applicants tend to select the
> specialisation that is related to their educational and employment
> background. Teachers tend to select the school libraries
> specialisation; people with finance, business and accountancy
> background tend to select corporate information services and knowledge
> management; and IT workers tend to select information systems. The
> library specialisations tend to be selected by arts & social sciences
> graduates, whereas science and technology graduates prefer information
> systems and the Internet specialisations. However, the Internet
> specialisation appears to cut across all sectors, with applicants from
> every industry selecting it. Gender and age differences were also
> found. The public library and school library specialisations tend to
> attract female applicants. The library specialisations also attract
> older applicants than the information systems and Internet
> specialisations. Men and younger applicants are more interested in IT
> subjects, and the knowledge management area tends to be selected by
> slightly older applicants and male business/accountancy graduates.
> 
> A Study of Israeli Library and Information Science Students'
> Perceptions of Their Profession
> SHIFRA BARUCHSON-ARBIB and SHERRY MENDELOVITZ
> 
> As the librarian's traditional roles undergo significant changes
> reflecting the transition from the world of print to the digital
> world, we focus on Israeli LIS students' responses to these changes.
> Our study examined the attitudes and perceptions of 180 Israeli
> students regarding the relationship between librarianship and
> information science as professions, the roles of librarians and
> information scientists, potential places of employment for librarians
> and information scientists, comparative status and prestige of
> librarians and information scientists and finally, students own
> individual career preferences. Although most students believed that
> both professions are related, they attributed higher status and
> prestige to information science. Information science was also
> perceived as more highly associated with computer technologies. In
> general, students aspired to be information scientists. As future
> representatives of their professions in both private and public work
> settings, their attitudes and preferences will undoubtedly affect the
> nature of the profession. The present study is significant in a period
> of transition as schools of librarianship and information science
> modify their curricula and cope with the technological innovations
> impacting the traditional nature of librarianship.
> 
> Universal access through time: archiving strategies for digital
> publications
> WIM VAN DRIMMELEN
> 
> The author's definition of a permanent archive or electronic deposit
> distinguishes between its aim of long term preservation and the goals
> of Open Access, contrasts its probably limited search and retrieval
> system with the functionality of a publisher's site, and indicates
> that while it should be compliant with the Open Archives Information
> System (OAIS) it need not offer the unrestricted access sought by the
> Open Archives Initiative (OAI).  Libraries maintain paper-based
> archives of publications, often duplicating collections, without
> publishers taking an active part, but a single copy of a digital
> object can be accessed globally.  Digital objects can be changed
> easily, may have a technically short lifespan, and their volume and
> variety is growing rapidly.  The key concepts in the preservation of
> electronic media are refreshing, migration, and emulation.  All make
> regular demands on the archiving institution's resources, and require
> a long-term commitment.  The LOCKSS strategy and institutional
> repositories do not address the issues of long-term preservation.
> Very few individual libraries or large library cooperatives have the
> resources to accept this global responsibility.  Publishers need to
> support these permanent archives because their customers expect them
> to do so, and because it would help if long-term preservation needs
> were recognised when new developments were being planned.  The costs
> of permanent archiving must also be shared amongst the user community.
> 
> 
> Commercial Libraries in an Indian City: an Ethnographic Sketch
> LISA KLOPFER
> 
> In this report of research currently underway on libraries in the city
> of Pune, Maharashtra (India), the focus is on commercial,
> street-corner libraries. Using an ethnographic approach, this research
> explores the way these libraries function, and the values placed on
> reading by Pune's middle class library users. Commercial libraries
> seem to have occupied a niche not filled by the public libraries in
> Pune, that of providing current popular fiction and glossy magazines
> in convenient locations. The libraries have a variety of origins and
> motivations, but are typically run with only the most rudimentary of
> cataloging and shelving systems, and no reference functions at all.
> Patrons describe their reading activity as leisure, and name
> television viewing as the main alternative or competing activity.
> 
> 
> Academic Authors and Open Archives: A Survey in the Social Science
> Field
> EUGENIO PELIZZARI
> 
> The paper reports on a survey of the academic staff of the Faculties
> of Economics and Law of the University of Brescia, Italy.  The survey
> sought to determine knowledge and use of Open-Access archives, and to
> verify the conditions stated by the staff for their participation in
> an Institutional Open-Access initiative.  The response to the
> questionnaire was 57.9% (62 authors).  Results show that 44% (25/57)
> of the authors knew about the existence of Open-Access initiatives and
> archives.  Of the persons who are aware of the existence of
> Open-Access archives, only 4% (1/25) affirmed they had already used
> them to deposit papers, while 33% (16/48), among those who declared to
> use materials free available on the web, affirmed to have used an
> Open-Access disciplinary archive.  Sixty-one percent (41/62) of the
> respondents answered they were prepared to archive personally their
> own scientific or educational material on an institutional repository,
> once the conditions that they request have been fulfilled.  The study
> illustrates the crucial role that authors play in the process of
> diffusion of Open-Access initiatives.  
> 
> Content on Agricultural Research Organisation Web Sites: A Study of
> International Trends
> JUSTIN CHISENGA
> 
> Web sites have become essential tools in the dissemination of content
> in digital format, especially in organisations where the generation,
> management and distribution of information and knowledge are among the
> major activities. This should also be true in agricultural research
> organisations, where information and knowledge are the major
> by-products of agricultural research. This point is supported by the
> results of a content survey of 28 Web sites of international
> agricultural organisations, eight Web sites of regional-based
> agricultural research organisations in Africa and 21 Web sites of
> organisations involved in agricultural research in the Southern Africa
> Development Community (SADC). Overall, international agricultural
> organisations are way above agricultural research organisations in
> Africa and the SADC region in the use of Web sites in providing access
> to information and knowledge resources in digital formats.
> Agricultural organisations in Africa and the SADC region are generally
> behind in implementing innovative use of the Web. They need to be
> guided in the development and provision of digital information
> services using the Internet and Web technologies.
> 
> Measuring University Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment
> Analysis
> GERHARD REICHMANN
> 
> In this paper we analyse the technical efficiency of 118 randomly
> selected university libraries from German-speaking countries (Austria,
> Germany, Switzerland) and English-speaking countries (the United
> States, Australia and Canada) using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).
> DEA efficiency scores are calculated using library staff, measured in
> full-time equivalents, and book materials held as inputs, and the
> number of serial subscriptions, total circulations, regular opening
> hours per week, and book materials added as outputs. Among the 118
> university libraries analysed 10 are rated fully efficient. However,
> comparing group-specific efficiency scores we found that there are no
> significant differences between libraries from English-speaking and
> German-speaking countries or between small and large university
> libraries.
> 
>