Dear colleagues,

I am pleased to announce the publication of the latest issue of the
Journal of Archival Organization (Vol. 2, No. 4), a quarterly journal
devoted to archival issues. This issue features a variety of topics,
from capturing the Vietnamese American experience through oral history,
archival developments in Pakistan, significant "hidden collections" in
the National Archives to issues relating to digitization projects in
midsize repositories. The table of contents with abstracts of each
article is included below.

I also want to inform you of future issues.  The first issue of Volume 3
is in production and includes two articles on documenting physics, one
on exploring the use of information visualization to enhance access to
archival records, another capturing the experiences of a lone arranger
at an historically black college in Pennsylvania, and a study of the
Encoded Archival Description (EAD), graduate education, and job
qualifications and recruitment.

The following issue (Vol. 3, Nos.2/3) will feature the proceedings of
the EAD/EAC conference held in Paris in October 2004.  This double theme
issue, Encoding Across Frontiers, with Bill Stockting and Fabienne
Queyroux serving as guest editors, will also be published by Haworth
Press as a monograph.  This will be the first of three special theme
issues of JAO that will be published.

Please consult the journal web site at Haworth for subscription
information and guidelines for submitting manuscripts for
consideration.  I urge each of you to consider a contribution to the
journal.  I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Best wishes,

Tom Frusciano, Editor


Journal of Archival Organization (Vol. 2, No. 4)

Global Perspectives, Hidden National Treasures, and Local Digital Projects

Orange County, Yellow History: An Intimate Encounter with Vietnamese
American Lives
        Trangdai Tranguyen

Anchored on the Vietnamese American Project (VAP), the essay presents
the documentation of the Vietnamese American Experience through the
voices of ethnic Vietnamese in Orange County, California, home to the
largest concentration of this ethnic group outside Vietnam.
Groundbreaking in its approach and method, VAP is an open forum that
enables community assessment, self education, public memory
preservation, and the first step toward understanding Vietnamese America
and the Vietnamese diaspora.  The cross-sectional narratives encompass
transcontinental accounts of first and 1.5 generations of Vietnamese
refugees and their children, and subsequently focus on their coming to
terms with their second home in America, dwelling on how ethnic
Vietnamese have negotiated with political turmoil, socioeconomic
changes, and cultural identity.  The paper, as the VAP, bridges cultural
and linguistic barriers, connecting the native land and the adopted
country. In short, the paper through its synthesis of the VAP (1) gives
a timely response to the urgent needs to understand and study the ethnic
Vietnamese community in Orange County, providing much-needed primary
data on the respective population for the ethnic communities and
interdisciplinary scholarship; (2) serves as a healing process for
members of the Vietnamese American community in Orange County and other
victims of war; (3) sheds light into intra and inter-ethnic relations,
fostering community consolidation, forging cross-cultural
collaborations, and nurturing racial harmony; (4) contributes to an
important period in American history with perspectives that are lacking
in the extant literature; and (5) will conduce peace by bringing out the
human experience in America's longest wars.

Archives in Pakistan

   Syed Jalaluddin Haider

This article traces the origins and development of archives in
Pakistan.  The focus is on the National Archives of Pakistan, but also
includes a discussion of the archival collections at the provincial and
district levels.  This study further examines the state of training
facilities available to Pakistani archivists.  Archival development has
been hindered because of several constraints, including the lack of
competent personnel, the need for better coordination among archival
institutions, absence of national leadership in archival issues, and the
limited application of information technology in archival work.  The
author suggests several areas that need attention in order to improve
the current situation: (1) the need for the National Archives of
Pakistan to take on a more active role in promoting archival activities,
(2) the dire need to introduce information technology in archival
institutions, (3) the revival of the Post-Graduate Diploma in Archive
Studies at the University of Sindh, along with a revision of the
curriculum by incorporating courses on information technology, and (4)
the formation of a Pakistan Society of Archivists.
KEYWORDS.  National Archives of Pakistan, history of archival
development, government records, archival education, information
technology and archives.

The Archival Back Burner:     Manuscript Collections and the National

  Aaron D. Purcell

Greater access to archival materials remains a significant challenge to
archivists, librarians, and researchers.  In addition to official
records documenting governmental activities and agencies, the National
Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has significant collections
of donated personal papers.  Some are processed, some are in the
backlog, but nearly all of the non- Presidential Library manuscript
collections are inaccessible.  This essay reviews the history and some
of the contents of the former Record Group 200:  Records of the National
Archives Gift Collection, as an example of the importance of hidden
material at NARA.  After a contextual history of the agency and the
creation of this forgotten record group, this article describes ten
manuscript collections from the former RG 200 to demonstrate not only
the research potential of each but show the varied nature of these
materials.  This study reveals the importance of access, description,
and re-evaluation when archivists deal with back burner collections.
KEYWORDS.  Archival description, archival history, National Archives and
Records Administration, NARA, gifts and donations, Archivists of the
United States, James B. Rhoads, Ernst Posner, Victor Gondos, Jr.

Digitizing a Photographic Collection in a Midsize Repository: A Case Study

  Elizabeth Shepard

Serving as a case study of a photographic digitization project in a
midsize repository, this article describes a project at the Weill
Cornell Medical Center Archives.  The author examines six components
that the archivist needs to contemplate when planning a digitization
project: selecting the images to be digitized, understanding the needs
of the potential audience, allocating staff resources, assessing the
costs of funding the project, choosing equipment and software, and
deciding on arrangement and description of the photographs.  The
benefits of these projects, which include improving access,
preservation, and photographic reproductions systems, will be discussed.
KEYWORDS.  Weill Cornell Medical Center Archives, photographic
digitization projects, digital collections, archival descriptive
standards, selection criteria, scanning equipment and procedures,
photographic reproduction methods, digital preservation, cost analysis

Do We Care What Users Want? Evaluating User Satisfaction and the
LibQUAL+^(TM) Experience
        Jean Dryden, Column Editor

American Jewish Archives. Reviewed by David Fox.

Thomas J. Frusciano, University Archivist
Special Collections and University Archives
Rutgers University Libraries
169 College Ave., New Brunswick, NJ  08901-1163
Phone: (732) 932-7006 x368 Fax: (732) 932-7012
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