You know, the best tape transport I ever saw was the console Nagra.  Its wow 
and flutter was way under everyone else's.  And the frequency response was 

It was over double the cost of its competitors.  In the early 80s, I think, 
I was offered a 2 tr as a dealer closeout for $ 17,500.  I passed (out.) 
Apart from the money issue, the matter of parts and service and being locked 
into a Steve Temmer "name your own price" exclusive parts distributorship 
put the chill on this fantasy.

I can't imagine this dandy device shows up frequently on eBay- or anywhere 
else for that matter.  I think I still have the literature in my somewhere 

Building a better perfect transport is only part of the problem.

Steve Smolian

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Tom Fine" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Monday, July 28, 2008 7:40 AM
Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] Playback on contemporary machines (was Send me a 
kiss by wire, baby my heart's on fire!

>I was thinking further about this. There's a big money opportunity in here, 
>if someone runs with this and finds it, buy me a steak dinner sometime ;)!
> For the commercial copyright owners, it seems to me that this concept may 
> offer an excellent and highly-accurate way to once and for all migrate 
> their tape libraries off of the deteriorating original media. Even under 
> archival storage, many tapes are nearing the end of their functional 
> lives, and some masters have been played enough times as to be badly 
> deteriorated already.
> Here would be one system I could see as being viable and very sensible for 
> a large music company:
> 1. a super-precise tape transport with excellent-quality magnetic heads is 
> used to transfer the raw signal off the tape. The transfer should probably 
> be to both DSD (read on, there's sense to this) and high-resolution PCM. 
> Much testing should be done to make sure that the digital system is as 
> precise and accurate as is possible for the formats (which, if the 
> resolution is high enough, should theoretically mean that just about every 
> bit of meaningful information should be transferred from the magnetic 
> tape).
> 2. the standard operating MO from here would be to have these digital 
> files live in a very robust archive with as fail-safe as possible 
> replication, migration and backup. This is more in the realm of an IT 
> expert than a music company and I would suggest there is an outsourcing 
> model that makes some sense here.
> 3. for run-of-the-mill reissues (ie stuff with budget and time 
> constraints), the remastering could be done all DSP, probably all or 
> mostly automated. I would expect a middling but not terrible net quality 
> level here, and over-aggressive use of DSP extras like dynamics control 
> and hiss-reduction would probably degrade the net result, but tasteful 
> application of the usual mastering tools (which would run up the budget 
> since human hands and skills would be required) could improve the average 
> quality substantially.
> 4. here's where the DSD transfer could come in. Perhaps the record company 
> itself, or a specialty mastering house, would rig up an interface between 
> a DSD stream and a rack of different tape electronics (it's a simple level 
> and impedence matching thing -- and the intial input stage can be bypassed 
> on some tape electronics with 10 minutes of solder time). These "deluxe" 
> remasters would be "played back" to gain the desired euphonic results. 
> Meanwhile, the tapes would not have to be played again and the "warm 
> analogue sound" from the tape electronics could be gained in any 
> combination or tweak desired. The further benefit is no need to maintain a 
> precise mechanical transport, just more-simple electronics maintenance. 
> But the big win here is, the master tapes don't get played and transported 
> in their fragile condition. Assuming the transfer at the source was done 
> properly (ie azimuth was correct and the A>>D chain was superb), this 
> would be audibly identical to playing back the actual tape using the heads 
> used at the source.
> 5. indeed, there may be an audiophile market in selling the raw digital 
> transfer and letting the audiophile play it back thru the tape electronics 
> of his choice. Never before could a listener be so close to the actual 
> master tape. Again, the weak link here is that the source transfer needs 
> to be azimuth-perfect and the A>>D chain needs to be superb.
> 6. a final benefit to the copyright owner is, he now has in his archive an 
> unprocessed, uncolored and un-EQ'd version of the source, a digital 
> "clone" of what is  falling apart on the reel in the box. As technology, 
> especially DSP, improves, he can hope to achieve better and better results 
> even with the run-of-the-mill releases and can get out of the expensive 
> business of analog expertise as the tapes crumble to dust.
> More morning musings. I have no idea how much of this is already being 
> done and what is totally impractical about what I'm suggesting. And, as I 
> said before, I have no dog in the fight -- except as a collector and fan 
> desiring better reissues than are the norm.
> -- Tom Fine
> ----- Original Message ----- 
> From: "Tom Fine" <[log in to unmask]>
> To: <[log in to unmask]>
> Sent: Sunday, July 27, 2008 1:37 PM
> Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] Playback on contemporary machines (was Send me a 
> kiss by wire, baby my heart's on fire!
>> Along these lines ...
>> As DSP improves and higher-resolution and even DSD transfers become the 
>> norm, I'm wondering if it's time to start thinking about eliminating the 
>> analog electronics altogether for non-NR tapes. To wit -- a tape head 
>> connected directly, with proper impedence-matching, to a high-resolution 
>> A-D converter, perhaps with one stage of gain between the head and the 
>> converter. The EQ curve and level-normalling is then performed in the 
>> digital realm via DSP. The main advantages I could see to this would be: 
>> 1) perhaps more accurate EQ curve than can be achieved with analog 
>> components, but this may or may not be the case at the present state of 
>> the arts.  2) elimination of all noises and distortions from analog 
>> components -- now it's a whole can o' worms whether the DSP would just 
>> add less-euphonic distortions of its own.  3) perhaps less cost due to no 
>> need to maintain and/or repair old analog electronics (even the 
>> solid-state stuff will wear out eventually).  4) the creation of a market 
>> for digital-realm expertise in analog issues like EQ curves and magnetic 
>> head interfaces, thus leading perhaps to some new and innovative 
>> audio-cleanup/restoration tools and better analog-to-digital interfaces.
>> I have no dog in this fight, just doing some Sunday musings on an 
>> interesting topic.
>> One other point. As the world's fleet of tape machines get older, I think 
>> more and more are falling permanently out of spec. I think it's a great 
>> stretch to expect a 50-year-old Ampex 350 to sound anything close to 
>> original unless you are a restoration expert and have done an expert 
>> restoration on the machine or have paid plenty of $$$ to have it done by 
>> someone else. The same can be said of just about any machine ever made 
>> that has more than a few hundred hours on it and/or has not been stored 
>> in an ideal environment its whole life. And some machines have built-in 
>> manufacturing or design weaknesses that cripple them over time no matter 
>> what. Belts stretch and fall apart, for instance, even if the machine 
>> isn't used.  Some of the connectors used on MCI machines corrode, no 
>> matter what. Etc. etc.
>> -- Tom Fine
>> ----- Original Message ----- 
>> From: "Richard L. Hess" <[log in to unmask]>
>> To: <[log in to unmask]>
>> Sent: Sunday, July 27, 2008 1:06 PM
>> Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] Playback on contemporary machines (was Send me a 
>> kiss by wire, baby my heart's on fire!
>>> Hello, Mark and Jim and Shiffy,
>>> I think it's important that we reinforce the lesson of playing magnetic 
>>> media on the best available equipment. While there are times when 
>>> playing a tape on the machine that recorded it will provide the sound 
>>> that the producer originally heard and intended, in most instances, 
>>> playing a magnetic recording on a high-end, late-model (but not 
>>> necessarily last-model) machine will provide superior results. This 
>>> means that Shiffy's one-off device is probably the best device to 
>>> reproduce a wire, and it means a small handful of the best tape machine 
>>> models should be chosen and preserved for playing tapes. I won't bother 
>>> enumerating those models here, as I think that list is well-known.
>>> The philosophical approach that works for me, and I suggest that 
>>> everyone consider, is that machine perturbations are additive. Play 
>>> deficiencies/perturbations rarely if ever "cancel out" record 
>>> deficiencies/perturbations that are already recorded on the magnetic 
>>> record. Therefore, the machine that adds the fewest 
>>> deficiencies/perturbations that is compatible with the speed and track 
>>> format (or can be made compatible) is generally the one to choose.
>>> There are usually other competing factors driving the selection of the 
>>> reproducer, but having a machine to play the magnetic records with 
>>> performance better than the record machine is generally the best way in 
>>> my opinion/experience.
>>> Cheers,
>>> Richard
>>> Richard L. Hess                   email: [log in to unmask]
>>> Aurora, Ontario, Canada       (905) 713 6733     1-877-TAPE-FIX
>>> Detailed contact information: 
>>> Quality tape transfers -- even from hard-to-play tapes.