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<cartographics> is defined as xsd:sequence because <scale> and  <projection>
are not repeatable, but <coordinates>  is repeatable.

<all> requires that each element occur zero or one time and would not allow
multiple <coordinates> elements.

<choice maxOccurs="unbounded"> (which MODS uses in cases without such
constraints)  would not constrain <scale> and <projection> to maximum one
occurence.

(Contrast this for example with <subject> ........

<choice maxOccurs="unbounded">
<element name="topic"/>
<element name="geographic"/>
<element name="temporal"/>
<element name="titleInfo"/>

etc.

</choice>

etc.

.....any of these subject categories may occur any number of times,
including zero, and the whole set may occur in any order.)


----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Joe Altimus" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Thursday, July 31, 2008 5:30 PM
Subject: [MODS] schema use of xsd:sequence to define children of the
cartographics element


I notice that the MODS schema uses xsd:sequence to define the children
of the cartographics element:

        <xsd:sequence>
               <xsd:element name="scale" minOccurs="0" type="xsd:string"/>
               <xsd:element name="projection" minOccurs="0"
type="xsd:string"/>
               <xsd:element name="coordinates" minOccurs="0"
maxOccurs="unbounded" type="xsd:string"/>
        </xsd:sequence>

However, an example of <cartographics> in the MODS User Guidelines
does not conform to the schema:

<subject>
  <cartographics>
    <coordinates>E 72--E 148/N 13--N 18</coordinates>
    <scale>1:22,000,000</scale>
    <projection>Conic proj</projection>
  </cartographics>
</subject>

so I wonder if the example is wrong or the Schema (xsd:all instead of
xsd:sequence)? Is there a strong reason why the children should occur
in a rigid order in this case?

Joe Altimus
Arizona State University Libraries