I agree with Kevin and John. When this arose as an issue here, some
years ago, we wrote down a policy for our cataloguers, which said:


Sometimes the term of incorporation used by a body has changed (for
example, from "Ltd." to "PLC"), where the substantive name has not
changed. When a term of incorporation has been retained to make it clear
that a name is for a corporate body, and the term of incorporation
changes (but not the name), then the term of incorporation should be
removed and replaced with "Firm", and the heading used for both states
of the body. Refer from the forms that include the terms of


The result was, e.g. n  81117678:


n  81117678

1102   British Nuclear Fuels (Firm)

4102   British Nuclear Fuels Limited

4102   British Nuclear Fuels Ltd.

4102   British Nuclear Fuels plc

4102   British Nuclear Fuels Inc. 


(some refs omitted)

We felt that though the term of incorporation had changed, the name of
the body hadn't. It would also be very hard for a cataloguer sorting out
an existing catalogue to determine accurately which resources belonged
at which putative variant. And it wouldn't help the user.






Richard Moore 

Authority Control Team Manager 

The British Library


Tel.: +44 (0)1937 546806                       

E-mail: [log in to unmask]                             




From: Program for Cooperative Cataloging
[mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of John Hostage
Sent: 24 June 2013 21:41
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: [PCCLIST] Pantone--corp. body AR questions


This is all fascinating stuff, but for cataloging purposes we don't
usually have access to or care about things like form of ownership,
place of incorporation, and the like.  We care about how a corporate
body represents itself in its publications and distinguishing it from
others, if necessary.

On its Our history page, Pantone says "Pantone was acquired by X-Rite,
Incorporated in October 2007."  They seem to consider it the same entity
under new ownership.  I think the 2 options are to 
1) create a new NAR for Pantone LLC and link it to Pantone, Inc.
2) revise the existing NAR to Pantone (Firm) and use it for the whole
history of the company.



John Hostage

Senior Continuing Resources Cataloger

Harvard Library--Information and Technical Services

Langdell Hall 194

Harvard Law School Library

Cambridge, MA 02138

[log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]> 

+(1)(617) 495-3974 (voice)

+(1)(617) 496-4409 (fax)


From: Program for Cooperative Cataloging [[log in to unmask]] on
behalf of Chris Baer [[log in to unmask]]
Sent: Monday, June 24, 2013 15:09
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: [PCCLIST] Pantone--corp. body AR questions

Legally, "Pantone, Inc." and "Pantone LLC" are two distinct corporate
bodies.  The name change reflects the fact that there has been a change
of ownership and that the company has been "taken private," that is, it
is now owned by X-Rite Incorporated and its shares cannot be bought on
any exchange.  The change of name represents an asset swap and the
dissolution or restructuring of the old company, of which anyone could
buy shares over-the-counter.  There was also a change of jurisdiction,
as Pantone, Inc., formerly Pantone Press, Inc., was a New York
corporation and Pantone LLC is incorporated in Delaware, so there has
been a complete reorganization and new creation, not just a cosmetic
name change.  A search of the Delaware corporation data base shows nine
other active (and certainly related) corporate entities whose name
begins with "Pantone."   


Two linked records should be created.  "Pantone" by itself does not
suffice, unless you think an undifferentiated corporate name is
desirable when an undifferentiated personal name is not.  The uses of
library-type qualifiers instead of legal ones all but mandates the
creation of undifferentiated corporate names based on brand identity or
common words.  Pantone, Inc., and Pantone LLC  are variants of some
Platonic Pantone-ness only to the same degree that William and Henry
James are variants of an overarching James-ness, or James family DNA, or
even James family fame.  Many of these supposed "Firms" are not even
firms at all but parts of firms or, like "Dominion (Firm)" merely
registered trademarks.  


The games, by the way, are played for big stakes, like cashing out for
your heirs before you die, picking up bargains, getting rid of drags on
the balance sheet, easing regulatory, reporting and tax burdens,
protecting intellectual property rights in names like "Pantone," and so
on.  What strikes me as interesting, is that librarians swallow the work
of modern "branding" consultants hook, line and sinker, thereby changing
their records with every new image or design change that truly
represents nothing more than a succession of novel variants on an
underlying reality.  See for example "The Henry Ford," or "The


Perhaps there should be parallel thesauri for the shopping- and
brand-conscious and for the legal- and ownership-conscious.


Complexity in the corporate world (and in personal, biological lineages
for that matter) lies in the "creative destruction" and morphing and
multiplication of entities.  Complexity in the literary world lies in
the constant proliferation and morphing of works,  expressions and
manifestations.  Personally, I am glad that my work deals with the
former and almost never involves the latter.


Yours truly,

Christopher T. Baer

Assistant Curator

Manuscripts & Archives

Hagley Museum and Library

[log in to unmask]

(302) 658-2400




From: Program for Cooperative Cataloging
[mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of Kevin M Randall
Sent: Monday, June 24, 2013 1:19 PM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: [PCCLIST] Pantone--corp. body AR questions


This is a situation in which I think using a generic qualifying term,
instead of a term indicating incorporation, would be preferable-IF it's
determined that qualification is needed at all.  If "Pantone" isn't
sufficient, then I'd want to use "Pantone (Firm)", with "Pantone, Inc."
and "Pantone, LLC" as variants.  I don't see any benefit to having
separate AAPs for "Pantone, Inc." and "Pantone, LLC".  My hunch is that
the change from "Inc." to "LLC" is related to a merger or acquisition;
in fact, I wouldn't be surprised if maybe Pantone, Inc. was dissolved
and Pantone, LCC was created as a "new" company.


Of course, there are also those cases where two levels of hierarchy have
the same base name.  What I'm used to seeing is the creation of
something like "Useless Corporation, Inc." become a subsidiary of a
newly created "Useless Corporation Holdings"-and then that new parent
gets absorbed into some other entity, or otherwise changes its name.
So, I suppose it is possible that Pantone, Inc. and Pantone, LCC both
existed simultaneously at one time?  If that's so, it become a little
trickier, but there is certainly precedent in AACR2 for putting both
under the same established heading, with variants for the specific


Don't you just love all these games corporate bodies play...


Kevin M. Randall

Principal Serials Cataloger

Northwestern University Library

[log in to unmask]

(847) 491-2939


Proudly wearing the sensible shoes since 1978!


From: Program for Cooperative Cataloging
[mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of Benjamin A Abrahamse
Sent: Monday, June 24, 2013 10:20 AM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: [PCCLIST] Pantone--corp. body AR questions


I am cataloging a Pantone color guide.  The company, Pantone, was
established under AACR2 as Pantone, Inc. (n  86084523 / 1852846).  The
record in NAF is still coded as AACR2.


It now represents itself (see, e.g.: as "Pantone LLC, a
wholly owned subsidiary of X-Rite Incorporated."


I seek the wisdom of the NACO membership on two points:


1. Should the 110 be changed?  The rules suggest it should but I'm not
sure of the practical implications.  I see approximately 200 records in
OCLC under "Pantone, Inc.", though almost none of them are full-level
PCC records.  


2. Does the form "Pantone" alone suffice? Or does it need to be changed
to Pantone LLC, "to make it clear that the name is that of a corporate
body" (see: "Terms indicating incorporation...")?  (And if  the
LLC is to be retained, does that mean Patone, Inc. --> Pantone LLC is a
change in name and two linked records should be created?)




Benjamin Abrahamse

Cataloging Coordinator

Acquisitions, Metadata and Enterprise Systems

MIT Libraries



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