Sonopress (wholly owned by Bertelsman)

Sony (reportedly the largest, they took over EMI and UMG <UML nee Glenayre>)

Discmakers (if you want to include indie)

yes from HDD or SSD-fed data stream

don't know about the baked-in jitter.

On Wed, Aug 14, 2013 at 8:11 PM, Tom Fine <[log in to unmask]>wrote:

> I'm hoping for fact-based accurate to-date info here. Factual input much
> appreciated.
> Where are CDs being manufactured these days and who owns the plants? I
> might be wrong in my understanding, but I think Universal and EMI and maybe
> also Warner Music and Sony have mostly gotten out of the manufacturing
> business. Have they sold or spun off their plants? If so, what entities own
> them now? I might be wrong about Sony, they seem to own plants at least in
> Japan and perhaps elsewhere. There used to be a reliable number/letter code
> system in CD "deadwax" that indicated where a disc was made, and some
> plants boldly stamped their insignia on the discs. This doesn't seem to be
> the case today.
> Also, is replication the same as in the 80s and 90s -- is a glass master
> still cut from a data stream (I would assume it comes off a hard drive
> today rather than a 1630 tape)? Have there been further advances in
> reducing baked-in jitter? I remember there were some advances in the 90s,
> mainly in the glass master cutting.
> -- Tom Fine