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PDO in NC was sold to Polygram in 92, and then sold to EDC in 1996. The
Kings Mountain plant closed in 2008, laying off more than 400.

(UMG) became EDC which still exists, but not manufacturing in the States.

however, EDC was sold to Sony DACD in 2006 for $26M. (
http://www.insideindianabusiness.com/newsitem.asp?id=32346)  in this
article they stated EDC, LLC would remain a manufacturer in Hanover and in
Blackburn, UK, and there is rather strong evidence they still run the
Hanover plant (and possibly Blackburn) here <http://www.edc-gmbh.com/en/>.

i found this:  "EDCís competitors include Cinram, Technicolor, Sono Press,
Sony/ BMG, Navarre, Entertainment One, Source Interlink and Handleman. Some
of these competitors are subsidiaries of media conglomerates that produce
content while others, like EDC, are purely manufacturers and/or
distributors"  here<http://www.hotstocked.com/companies/g/glenayre-technology-GEMS-description-53333.html>
so that gives a few more manufacturers to research....


seva






On Wed, Aug 14, 2013 at 9:21 PM, Tom Fine <[log in to unmask]>wrote:

> Thanks Seva. This is the kind of info I was seeking. Did not know Sony
> took over EMI and UMG plants. Who owns what was Philips-DuPont Optical in
> North Carolina? Or does it exist anymore? Also, did Sony take over the
> Hanover Germany plant from UMG?
>
> ----- Original Message ----- From: "seva, soundcurrent mastering" <
> [log in to unmask]>
> To: <[log in to unmask]>
> Sent: Wednesday, August 14, 2013 8:55 PM
> Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] where are CD's made these days?
>
>
>
>  Sonopress (wholly owned by Bertelsman)
>>
>> Sony (reportedly the largest, they took over EMI and UMG <UML nee
>> Glenayre>)
>>
>> Discmakers (if you want to include indie)
>>
>>
>> yes from HDD or SSD-fed data stream
>>
>> don't know about the baked-in jitter.
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> On Wed, Aug 14, 2013 at 8:11 PM, Tom Fine <[log in to unmask]>**
>> wrote:
>>
>>  I'm hoping for fact-based accurate to-date info here. Factual input much
>>> appreciated.
>>>
>>> Where are CDs being manufactured these days and who owns the plants? I
>>> might be wrong in my understanding, but I think Universal and EMI and
>>> maybe
>>> also Warner Music and Sony have mostly gotten out of the manufacturing
>>> business. Have they sold or spun off their plants? If so, what entities
>>> own
>>> them now? I might be wrong about Sony, they seem to own plants at least
>>> in
>>> Japan and perhaps elsewhere. There used to be a reliable number/letter
>>> code
>>> system in CD "deadwax" that indicated where a disc was made, and some
>>> plants boldly stamped their insignia on the discs. This doesn't seem to
>>> be
>>> the case today.
>>>
>>> Also, is replication the same as in the 80s and 90s -- is a glass master
>>> still cut from a data stream (I would assume it comes off a hard drive
>>> today rather than a 1630 tape)? Have there been further advances in
>>> reducing baked-in jitter? I remember there were some advances in the 90s,
>>> mainly in the glass master cutting.
>>>
>>> -- Tom Fine
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>
>>
>