I don’t think you should capitalize “baron” when it indicates a French title.
The French capitalization instruction under A.40.4 Titles of persons (“Do not capitalize titles indicating rank or office”) seems to cover the situation. Appendix G identifies “baron” as a “term of rank”. The glossary definition of “title of person” is “A word or phrase indicative of royalty, nobility, or ecclesiastical rank or office, a term of address for a person of religious vocation, or another term indicative of rank, honour, or office.”
The general guideline for capitalizing names of persons, etc., under A.2.1 says to apply the guidelines at A.10-A.55 as applicable to the language involved. In this case, I think A.11.5.1 is not applicable; it would apply for “Baron” as an English title.
P.S. There is currently no justification for the title in the 670s of the record.
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Hi Kate & Callie,
Thanks to both of you for providing information. Before I posted my initial email, I had looked at Appendix G and also Appendix A. Kate mentioned that the title is capitalized if it's British but in Appendix G both France and United Kingdom have it as lower case. I had also looked under French In Appendix A but there was no mention of terms of nobility, only Titles of Persons which doesn't seem to specifically apply.
Although examples at Rule 184.108.40.206 clearly show Baron as capitalized I didn't think any of the examples were for persons of French lineage. I found a number of RDA NARs in the naf that did not capitalize baron so I began to second guess what the proper course should be. I think I will just follow Rule A.11.5.1 and go ahead and capitalized baron in the NAR that precipitated my questions.
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Subject: Re: [PCCLIST] capitalization of royalty term baron
See RDA Appendix G (Titles of Nobility, Terms of Rank, Etc.) and also Appendix A for the language involved. In this case the title is French so it is not capitalized. When the title is British, it is capitalized. That’s why the capitalization varies in the name authority file.
Policy and Standards Division
Library of Congress
I recently had cause to use the following authority record. I plan on updating the record and removing the 667 note but I am not sure about the capitalization rules regarding the royalty term "baron". I noticed when searching the naf that sometimes the term is capitalized and sometimes it's not. I couldn't find an RDA rule or explanation regarding when it should be capitalized and when it shouldn't be. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks.
010 n 50023126
040 DLC ǂb eng ǂc DLC ǂd DLC ǂd Uk ǂd DLC
046 ǂf 1768 ǂg 1830
1001 Fourier, Jean Baptiste Joseph, ǂc baron, ǂd 1768-1830
4001 Fourier, Joseph, ǂc baron, ǂd 1768-1830
667 THIS 1XX FIELD CANNOT BE USED UNDER RDA UNTIL THIS RECORD HAS BEEN REVIEWED AND/OR UPDATED
670 His Die Auflösung der ... 1902
670 His Joseph Fourier face aux objections contre sa théorie de la chaleur, 1980: ǂb t.p. (Joseph Fourier)
670 Lavoisier, A.L. Elements of chemistry, 1985: ǂb t.p. (Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier)