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Today, David Chesky is very active in making headphone-only recordings. He now calls it "binaural 
surround." Dolby has also come out with a matrixed and DSP'd system for "surround" headphone sound. 
This is intended for game audio and also for movies watched on tiny screens. I've got some of 
Chesky's recordings and they are amazing on good headphones. Close your eyes and you're in a totally 
different place, you can almost feel the air movement as different from the room you're physically 
in. Some of the Emory Cook recordings are similar, but not as immersive. The problem with both, 
though, is that headphone bass is fake bass, you hear it but you don't feel it. It's a cue rather 
than a real sensation.

-- Tom Fine

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Michael Biel" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Thursday, September 04, 2014 5:33 AM
Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] Accidental stereo (again)


> "Taditionally", perhaps, but not historically.  Paul is correct here
> that "binaural" was used for decades -- back into the 1920s -- to denote
> ANY two-channel recording.  Keller used it, and I think Blumlein also
> did.  It is the term that Emory Cook used as recently as the early and
> mid-1950s for his dual-groove system, and his recordings were certainly
> not meant for headphone listening!
>
>  It is my experience that the first time there was a specific
> differential made between the use of "binaural" for headphone listening,
> and "stereophonic" for speaker listening, was in a book which came out
> in 1960 called "Stereo 1881 --- " by John Sunier.
>
> So it is improper to expect that there was a differentiation of these
> phrases prior to this.  Tradition has its start.
>
> Mike Biel  [log in to unmask]
>
> -------- Original Message --------
> From: Paul Stamler <[log in to unmask]>
> Date: Thu, September 04, 2014 12:14 am
>
> On 9/3/2014 2:11 PM, DAVID BURNHAM wrote:
>> Traditionally, "binaural" means designed to be listened to using head phones. In other words, 
>> each channel is designed to reach only one ear. Usually these recordings are made using an 
>> artificial head or a single pair of mikes spaced roughly 20cms apart with a baffle in between. 
>> Spot mikes shouldn't be employed. It is difficult to convert such a source to a true stereo 
>> recording. <
>
> All true, and this is the classic definition of "binaural". But for
> decades the word was occasionally and loosely used to denote any
> two-channel recording system. Caused no end of confusion.
>
> Peace,
> Paul
>
>
> On Wednesday, September 3, 2014 3:16:44 PM, Paul Urbahns
> <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
>>In one interview I believe Brad Kaye referred to his discoveries as
>>"binaural stereo" and as such would not have a great deal of separation but
>>with modern computer tools that separation could probably be widen. He
>>probably realize the microphone placement was fairly close together and not
>>spread across the sound stage, like modern stereo would.
>>
>>Paul Urbahns
>>Radcliff, Ky
>>
>
>