Print

Print


I have never seen anything from you discussing the Karajan myth
Hi Tom

I have never seen anything from you discussing the Karajan myth, but you'll notice that in my posting that I called the B9 story a myth.  Karajan himself seemed to believe that the CD was designed around his recording of that Symphony as I have heard him discuss that theory in broadcasts I worked on in the early '80s and before the CD was available we had Sony executives around the CBC who mentioned that theory as well.  I don't know whether it's true or not, but the fact is that the common maximum length of CDs in the early years was around 65 minutes, the length of Beethoven's 9th.  Perhaps they realized after the fact that the CD could carry a recording of Beethoven's 9th on a single disc - something which had been done on a Single LP but it was a very crowded disc.  One of the beauties of the CD was that there was no sonic compromise when putting over an hour on a disc.

db


On Wednesday, September 10, 2014 8:30 PM, Tom Fine <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
 

>
>
>Hi Dave:
>
>I don't know how many times and in how many ways to say this but -- THE KARAJAN BEETHOVEN 9TH STORY 
>IS A MYTH!!!!!
>
>Please see the first-hand account of Kees Immink, one of the Philips engineers who developed the 
>Compact Disc:
>http://www.exp-math.uni-essen.de/~immink/pdf/cdstory.htm
>
>I suspect the Karajan story came about because Sony's chairman was enamored by Karajan and may have 
>passed this story around to PR hacks and/or press toadies, likely in the presence of Karajan, 
>stroking the maestro's massive ego.
>
>The fact is that the CD's time capacity was not the first consideration in the design, rather the 
>form-factor came first and time happened to fit the data density possible under the system invented 
>by Sony and Philips.
>
>Please see also Goran Finnberg's latest .fact-driven post, specifically:
>----------------------------------------
>"At that time, 1983/-85, the recommendation from the pressing plants was
>to avoid going over around 60 minutes of music.
>
>Thatīs the reason why CDR blanks was 63 minutes in the beginning.
>
>The DA60 U-matic tape was easy to get but the DA72 was in short supply.
>
>U-matic tape was what was used to carry the edited CD master to the
>replicator, nothing else existed then.
>
>Furthermore the first two minutes on the U-matic, was to contain
>timecode only,  but music to start at around 2:00 to avoid tape defects
>in the beginning of the U-matic.
>
>Also the PQ burst containing the track info was recorded on the U-matic
>analog tape track during the inital 2 minute time code only silence.
>
>It was also the recommendation to have at least 2-3 minutes clear of
>music, timecode only, at the end of the U-matic.
>
>So we are down to at most 67-68 minutes if you dared it back then.
>
>Why we see the maximum playing time today being at 79:57 is when all
>the laser cutting variables are pushed to maximize the playing time
>while strictly adhering to the RedBook standard."
>----------------------------------------
>
>In the early days, 60 minutes or less was recommended and common. Reliable U-Matic stock running 
>longer than 60 minutes was rare. As far as I know NO OTHER MEDIA COULD BE USED TO MASTER CDs until 
>DATs came along. Magneto-optical media came after DATs and CDs were not being mastered from hard 
>drives or CD-ROM media until the late 1990s (it may have been a few years earlier but it certainly 
>wasn't in the early 1990s).
>
><rant>
>The Karajan Beethoven 9 myth should be nailed into a coffin after a stake is driven through its 
>heart and then it should be cremated and its ashes blown into space! I'm only half exaggerating!
>;)
></rant>
>
>-- Tom Fine
>----- Original Message ----- 
>From: "DAVID BURNHAM" <[log in to unmask]>
>To: <[log in to unmask]>
>Sent: Wednesday, September 10, 2014 6:15 PM
>Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] CD time limit - Beethoven
>
>
>>I don't know to what myth Tom is referring but from day one of the CD's existance commercially it 
>>should have been able to contain a performance of the B9.  I have heard since the beginning of the 
>>CD era, (and perhaps this is the "myth"), that the CD's design criteria was that it should be able 
>>to contain the B9 on a single disc - specifically the Karajan performance.  Unless it is an 
>>incredibly slow performance, the B9 lasts around 65 minutes with all the repeats.  I don't know if 
>>CD's CAN hold more now than they could in the beginning but they certainly DO.  Now you can easily 
>>fit an overture along with the 9th.
>>
>> db
>>
>>
>> On Wednesday, September 10, 2014 4:55 PM, Tom Fine <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
>>
>>
>>>
>>>
>>>And a myth that won't die on this list of people allegedly concerned with historical accuracy!
>>>Sheesh!
>>>
>>>Thanks, Goran, for repeated links to the true story.
>>>
>>>-- Tom Fine
>>>
>>>
>>>----- Original Message ----- 
>>>From: "[log in to unmask]" <[log in to unmask]>
>>>To: <[log in to unmask]>
>>>Sent: Wednesday, September 10, 2014 3:41 PM
>>>Subject: [ARSCLIST] CD time limit - Beethoven
>>>
>>>
>>>> [log in to unmask]:
>>>>
>>>>> Nevertheless, the B9 just fits onto a 4 3/4 disc at 44/16?, does it
>>>> not?
>>>>
>>>> Maybe so.
>>>>
>>>> But that was not possible when the CD was launched in 1983:
>>>>
>>>> www.exp-math.uni-essen.de/~immink/pdf/beethoven.pdf
>>>>
>>>> It is clearly a marketing myth.
>>>>
>>>> -- 
>>>> Best regards,
>>>>
>>>> Goran Finnberg
>>>> The Mastering Room AB
>>>> Goteborg
>>>> Sweden
>>>>
>>>> E-mail: [log in to unmask]
>>>>
>>>> Learn from the mistakes of others, you can never live long enough to
>>>> make them all yourself. - John Luther
>>>>
>>>> (\__/)
>>>> (='.'=)
>>>> (")_(") Smurfen:RIP
>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>
>> 
>
>
>