The only way I see to harmonize LC's desire for generic expression records and some PCC members' desire for more specific authorities for expressions is as a hierarchy.  The former represent in principle a class of expressions--all those for a given language--even when only one translation exists; and the latter represent particular translations in that language by extending the generic heading with additional specifying components.  Both forms of access should be considered as authorized access points.  

What seems to me unsustainable about LC-PCC PS 6.27.3 is the LC Practice instruction: "If there is a name authority record with an authorized access point for an expression that includes an additional characteristic LC would not have added, use the form of the access point in that authority record; this action is consistent with the LC/PCC policy of using authorized access points in existing name authority records." This will inevitably lead to split entries, generic for some translations and specific for others in the same language, and confusion for catalog users. "Using the authorized access points" in such cases would split entries for the "same" kind of resources, which is contrary to the fundamental purpose of authority control.

A more manageable approach would be to accept that either kind of authority is acceptable depending on the local cataloging agency's policy, but not both (except in rare cases when a second resource's description needs to specify a particular translation).  Since the more specific translation headings are built by adding on to the generic heading, automated routines could change the specific heading to its generic counterpart on incoming copy to ensure consistency of access.  As for libraries preferring more specific access points for translations, they have their work cut out for them; but that was always going to be the case.

As for the dates--a generic authority for a set of expressions could indicate the date of the first instance of the class of translations it represents.  An authority for a specific translation could indicate a later date for its creation. What's lacking is clear consensus and policy about what the date means--which concept of expression it relates to--because of the ambiguity about whether generic and specific authorities can co-exist.  The implication in the LC Practice statement that a specific AAP must trump a generic AAP throws the more viable co-existence option into uncertainty.


On Wed, Oct 1, 2014 at 10:59 AM, Mark K. Ehlert <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
I've come across several authority records exclusively sourced and edited by DLC (per the 040 field) for English translations that include 046 dates that specify the date of expression.  The heading itself is generic following LC-PCC PS 6.27.3--Name. Title. English--but the record is made specific with that added date.  Many, but not all, of the records were last edited in February-March 2013, which point to the Phase 2 RDA Authorities project.  However, none of the 1xx/4xx headings use the $f, which I presume would be the source for the automated population of the 046 field.  Several 046s also don't match the source dates in the 670s; manual intervention is implied there.

Random examples by LCCN:
n  90636367
no 97019257
n  80148532
n 2012079161
n 2013001274
n 2013037659
n 2013062190

So a question of practice for those of us who aren't LC: Should these records be treated as generic expression?  Or specific expression?  I presume the 046s aren't meant to act as the start date(!) for a collection of English expressions covered by a single record.  I have one translation record in front of me I'd like to edit, but don't know how to go about enhancing it, if at all (n  85022980, last touched in September 2013).

Mark K. Ehlert                 Minitex
Coordinator                    University of Minnesota
Digitization, Cataloging &     15 Andersen Library
  Metadata Education (DCME)    222 21st Avenue South
Phone: 612-624-0805            Minneapolis, MN 55455-0439

  "Experience is by industry achieved // And perfected by
the swift course of time." -- Shakespeare, "Two Gentlemen
of Verona," Act I, scene iii

Stephen Hearn, Metadata Strategist
Data Management & Access, University Libraries
University of Minnesota
160 Wilson Library
309 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
Ph: 612-625-2328
Fx: 612-625-3428
ORCID:  0000-0002-3590-1242