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My reaction was the same as Cecilia's.  MARC can carry that information. There has been a vicious circle, though, because without systems building functionality to use the metadata, libraries have been unlikely to invest in creating it. It's been increasingly difficult to justify this level of detail in cataloging to administrators. We can lay plenty of sins at MARC's door, but not these particular ones.

Robin

Robin Wendler
Library Technology Services
Harvard University
90 Mt. Auburn St.
Cambridge, MA 02138
617-495-3724
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From: Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative Forum [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of Cecilia M. Preston
Sent: Tuesday, March 10, 2015 9:38 AM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: [BIBFRAME] Linked data

Ross,

My first reaction to many of these questions about what MARC has not or could not do, has been talk to your ILS vendor.  Much of the data embedded in a MARC record was never indexed by the ILS folks because 'no one was interested in it' or what was generally referred to in the ancient days of Z39.50 ATS (Author, Title, Subject) was all the patron/user/client is interested in.  When I asked the vendor for my local system at ALA why I could not get access to some information I knew was in a MARC record the answer was simply 'we can index that if they want to $$$ for it'  Not something I think many institutions have the funding to do for me.

-Cecilia


On Mar 5, 2015, at 6:25 PM, Ross Singer <[log in to unmask]<mailto:[log in to unmask]>> wrote:


Counterpoint: if libraries can do "anything they want" with their data and have had 40+ years to do so, why haven't they done anything new or interesting with it for the past 20?

How, with my MARC records alone, do I let people know that they might be interested in "Clueless" if they're looking at "Sense and Sensibility"? How do I find every Raymond Carver short story in the collection? The albums that Levon Helm contributed to? How can I find every introduction by Carl Sagan?  What do we have that cites them?

How, with my MARC records alone, can I definitively limit only to ebooks? What has been published in the West Midlands?

You *could* make a 3-D day-glo print of a MARC record, I suppose - but that seems like exactly the sort of tone deaf navel gazing that has rendered our systems and interfaces more and more irrelevant to our users.

-Ross.

On Thursday, March 5, 2015, J. McRee Elrod <[log in to unmask]<mailto:[log in to unmask]>> wrote:
Forwarded by permission of James Weinheimer:



  There are some points to keep in mind when considering linked
  data/semantic web. The new formats (schema.org<http://schema.org/>, Bibframe) are *not*
  there for libraries to be able to do new and wonderful things with their
  own data. Why? Because libraries already understand and control all of
  that data. Right now, so long as we have XML formats (and we have that
  now with MARCXML) we can do *anything* we want with the data. MARCXML is
  not perfect, but it is still XML and that means: librarians can search
  that data however we want, manipulate it however we want, transform it
  however we want, sort it however we want and display it however we want.
  If we want to search by the fiction code in the fixed fields and sort by
  number of pages or by 100/700$q we can. We can print out reams of entire
  records, or any bits and pieces of them we could want, collate them in
  any number of ways (or not), and print them out on 3D printers in
  day-glow colors, display them with laser beams on the moon or work with
  them in the virtual reality "wearable technology". We can do all of that
  and more *right now* if we wanted. We've been able to do it for a long
  time. We don't need schema.org<http://schema.org/> or Bibframe to enhance our own
  capabilities because we can do anything with our own data now.

  So, who is schema.org<http://schema.org/> and Bibframe for? Non-librarians, i.e. for people
  who neither understand nor control our data. Libraries will allow others
  to work with our data in ways that they can understand a bit more than
  MARC. Non-librarians cannot be expected to understand 240$k or 700$q,
  but with schema.org<http://schema.org/> or Bibframe, it is supposed to be easier for
  them--although it still won't be easy. Nevertheless, they will be able
  to take our data and do with it as they will as they cannot do now with
  our MARC/ISO2709 records.

  With Bibframe and schema.org<http://schema.org/> people will be able to merge it with other
  parts of the linked data universe (oops! Not Freebase or dbpedia.
  They'll have to go to Wikidata! Wonder how long that will last!) or with
  all kinds of web APIs (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_API) that
  can create mashups. (I still think this video gives the best description
  of a mashup: What is a mashup? - ZDNet<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRcP2CZ8DS8>. Here too is a
  list of some of the web apis
  http://www.programmableweb.com/apis/directory) Web programmers can then
  put these things together to create something absolutely new, e.g. bring
  together library data with ebay so that people can see if something on
  ebay is available in the library or vice versa. But remember that those
  web programmers will also be able to manipulate our data as much as we
  can, so the final product they create may look and work completely
  differently than we would imagine, or that we would like. As a result,
  libraries and catalogers will lose the control of their data that they
  have always enjoyed. For better or worse, that is a necessary
  consequence of sharing your data.

  Then comes what are--I think--the two major questions of linked data for
  libraries. First is: OK. We add the links, but what do we link *to*?
  Will linking into id.loc.gov<http://id.loc.gov/> appeal to the public? I personally don't
  think so since there is so little there, other than the traditional
  syndetic structures found in our traditional catalogs (i.e. the UF, BT,
  NT, RT for subjects, the earlier/later names of corporate bodies and
  series, the other names of people). This is not what people think of
  when they think of the advantages of linked data. While those things may
  be nice for us, I don't know if that will be so appealing to the public.
  If it is to become appealing to the public, somebody somewhere will have
  to do a lot of work to make them appealing.

  Concerning VIAF, it's nice to know the authorized forms in Hebrew,
  French, Italian, and so on, but again, is that so appealing to the
  *public*? It may be, but that remains to be proven.

  Second, there is no guarantee at all that anyone will actually do
  anything with our data. While I certainly hope so, there are no
  guarantees that anybody will do anything with our data. It could just
  sit and go unused.

  It's interesting to note that the LC book
  catalog in this format has been in the Internet Archive for awhile now
  (https://archive.org/details/marc_records_scriblio_net) but I haven't
  heard that any developers have used it.

  I want again to emphasize that libraries should go into linked data, but
  when we do so, there will probably be more question marks than
  exclamation points. Just as when a couple is expecting a baby and they
  experience pregnancy: at least when I experienced it, I imagined that
  the birth of my son would be an end of the pregnancy. But suddenly, I
  had a crying baby on my hands! Linked data will be similar: it will be a
  beginning and not an end.

  James Weinheimer [log in to unmask]<mailto:[log in to unmask]> First Thus
  http://blog.jweinheimer.net<http://blog.jweinheimer.net/> First Thus Facebook Page
  https://www.facebook.com/FirstThus Cooperative Cataloging Rules
  opencatalogingrules<http://sites.google.com/site/opencatalogingrules/> Cataloging Matters
  Podcasts http://blog.jweinheimer.net/cataloging-matters-podcasts [delay
  +30 days]

  --

--
James Weinheimer [log in to unmask]<mailto:[log in to unmask]> First Thus
http://blog.jweinheimer.net<http://blog.jweinheimer.net/> First Thus Facebook Page
https://www.facebook.com/FirstThus Cooperative Cataloging Rules
opencatalogingrules<http://sites.google.com/site/opencatalogingrules/> Cataloging Matters
Podcasts http://blog.jweinheimer.net/cataloging-matters-podcasts [delay
+30 days]