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May be of interest:

*Coal and Petroleum Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Distribution,
Geologic Framework, and Geochemical Character*
http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/

Introduction

Fossil fuels from the Appalachian basin region have been major contributors
to the Nation’s energy supplies over much of the last three centuries.
Appalachian coal and petroleum resources are still available in sufficient
quantities to contribute significantly to fulfilling the Nation’s energy
needs. Although both conventional oil and gas continue to be produced in
the Appalachian basin, most new wells in the region are drilled in shale
reservoirs to produce natural gas.

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Professional Paper 1708 is a modern, indepth
collection of reports, cross sections, and maps that describe the geology
of the Appalachian basin and its fossil fuel resources. This publication
supplements and updates older USGS regional studies of Appalachian basin
coal and petroleum resources. Some chapters are new, and several have been
published in outside journals or as other USGS publications. Although this
volume is not a comprehensive regional treatment of all notable geologic
and fossil fuel localities in the Appalachian basin, the selected study
areas and topics presented in the chapters pertain to large segments of the
basin and a wide range of stratigraphic intervals. This volume discusses
the locations of coal and petroleum accumulations, the stratigraphic and
structural framework, and the geochemical characteristics of the coal beds
and petroleum in the basin, as well as the results of recent USGS
assessments of coal, oil, and gas resources in the basin.

Many of the maps and accompanying data supporting the reports in this
volume are available from chapter I.1 as downloadable geographic
information system (GIS) data files about the characteristics of selected
coal beds and oil and gas fields, locations of oil and gas wells, coal
production, coal chemistry, total petroleum system (TPS) boundaries, and
bedrock geology. Log ASCII Standard (LAS) files for geophysical (gamma ray)
wireline well logs are included in other chapters.

Professional Paper 1708 is intended primarily for geoscientists in
academia, industry, and government who are interested in Appalachian basin
geology and its coal and petroleum resources. Other users, however, may
find the topics, papers, and digital images valuable for land-use and
policy planning. Among the anticipated benefits of the report are
improvements in (1) resource assessment estimates and methodology, (2)
exploration strategies, (3) basin models, and (4) energy use policies.


ContentsPartTitle and AuthorPDF LinkCoversFront and Back CoversPDF (2.39 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/cover/pp1708_cover.pdf>FrontChapter Numbers
and TitlesPDF (38.4 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/front/pp1708_front.pdf>A.1Executive Summary
By Leslie F. Ruppert and Robert T. RyderPDF (157 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/a1/pdf/pp1708_a1.pdf>B.1Coal and Petroleum
Resources in the Appalachian Basin—Index Maps of Included Studies
By Leslie F. Ruppert, Michael H. Trippi, and Scott A. KinneyPDF (5.81 MB
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/b1/pp1708_b1.pdf>)C.1Appalachian Basin Oil
and Natural Gas: Stratigraphic Framework, Total Petroleum Systems, and
Estimated Ultimate Recovery
By Robert T. Ryder, Robert C. Milici, Christopher S. Swezey, and Michael H.
TrippiPDF (151 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/c1/pdf/pp1708_c1.pdf>C.2Geographic
Information System (GIS)-Based Maps of Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Fields
By Robert T. Ryder, Scott A. Kinney, Steve Suitt, Matthew D. Merrill, and
Michael H. TrippiPDF (1.46 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/c2/pdf/pp1708_c2.pdf>D.1Coal and
Coalbed-Methane Resources in the Appalachian and Black Warrior Basins—Maps
Showing the Distribution of Coal Fields, Coal Beds, and Coalbed-Methane
Fields
By Michael H. Trippi, Leslie F. Ruppert, Robert C. Milici, and Scott A.
KinneyPDF (4.69 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/d1/pdf/pp1708_d1.pdf>D.2Correlation
Chart of Pennsylvanian Rocks in Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia,
West Virginia, Ohio, Maryland, and Pennsylvania Showing Approximate
Position of Coal Beds, Coal Zones, and Key Stratigraphic Units
By Leslie F. Ruppert, Michael H. Trippi, and Ernie R. SlucherPDF (198 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/d2/pdf/pp1708_d2.pdf>D.3Bituminous Coal
Production in the Appalachian Basin: Past, Present, and Future
By Robert C. Milici and Désirée E. PolyakPDF (582 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/d3/pdf/pp1708_d3.pdf>D.4Coal Assessments and
Coal Research in the Appalachian Basin
By Susan J. Tewalt and Leslie F. RuppertPDF (4.22 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/d4/pdf/pp1708_d4.pdf>E.1Index Map of Cross
Sections Through Parts of the Appalachian Basin (Kentucky, New York, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia)
By Robert T. Ryder and Michael H. TrippiPDF (1.43 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e1/pdf/pp1708_e1.pdf>E.2.1Stratigraphic
Framework of Cambrian and Ordovician Rocks in the Central Appalachian Basin
From Lake County, Ohio, to Juniata County, Pennsylvania
By Robert T. Ryder; revised and digitized by Robert D. Crangle, Jr.PDF
(67.7 KB) <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e21/pdf/pp1708_e21.pdf>E.2.2Stratigraphic
Framework of Cambrian and Ordovician Rocks in the Central Appalachian Basin
From Medina County, Ohio, Through Southwestern and South-Central
Pennsylvania to Hampshire County, West Virginia
By Robert T. Ryder, Anita G. Harris, and John E. Repetski; revised and
digitized by Robert D. Crangle, Jr.PDF 114 KB
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e22/pdf/pp1708_e22.pdf>E.2.3Stratigraphic
Framework of Cambrian and Ordovician Rocks in the Central Appalachian Basin
From Richland County, Ohio, to Rockingham County, Virginia
By Robert T. Ryder; revised and digitized by Robert D. Crangle, Jr.PDF
(62.9 KB) <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e23/pdf/pp1708_e23.pdf>E.2.4Stratigraphic
Framework of Cambrian and Ordovician Rocks in the Central Appalachian Basin
From Campbell County, Kentucky, to Tazewell County, Virginia
By Robert T. Ryder, John E. Repetski, and Anita G. Harris; revised and
digitized by Erika E. LentzPDF (65.3 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e24/pdf/pp1708_e24.pdf>E.2.5Stratigraphic
Framework of Cambrian and Ordovician Rocks in the Appalachian Basin From
Sequatchie County, Tennessee, Through Eastern Kentucky, to Mingo County,
West Virginia
By Robert T. Ryder, Robert D. Crangle, Jr., John E. Repetski, and Anita G.
HarrisPDF (92.9 KB) <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e25/pdf/pp1708_e25.pdf>
E.3.1Stratigraphic Framework and Depositional Sequences in the Lower
Silurian Regional Oil and Gas Accumulation, Appalachian Basin From Ashland
County, Ohio, Through Southwestern Pennsylvania, to Preston County, West
Virginia
By Robert T. RyderPDF (63.8 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e31/pdf/pp1708_e31.pdf>E.3.2Stratigraphic
Framework and Depositional Sequences in the Lower Silurian Regional Oil and
Gas Accumulation, Appalachian Basin From Licking County, Ohio, to Fayette
County, West Virginia
By Robert T. RyderPDF (91.9 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e32/pdf/pp1708_e32.pdf>E.3.3Stratigraphic
Framework and Depositional Sequences in the Lower Silurian Regional Oil and
Gas Accumulation, Appalachian Basin From Jackson County, Ohio, Through
Northwestern Pennsylvania, to Orleans County, New York
By Robert T. RyderPDF (66.2 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e33/pdf/pp1708_e33.pdf>E.4.1Geologic Cross
Section D–D´ Through the Appalachian Basin from the Findlay Arch, Sandusky
County, Ohio, to the Valley and Ridge Province, Hardy County, West Virginia
By Robert T. Ryder, Robert D. Crangle, Jr., Michael H. Trippi, Christopher
S. Swezey, Erika E. Lentz, Elisabeth L. Rowan, and Rebecca S. HopePDF (150
KB <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e41/pdf/pp1708_e41.pdf>)E.4.2Geologic
Cross Section E–E´ Through the Appalachian Basin from the Findlay Arch,
Wood County, Ohio, to the Valley and Ridge Province, Pendleton County, West
Virginia
By Robert T. Ryder, Christopher S. Swezey, Robert D. Crangle, Jr., and
Michael H. TrippiPDF (150 KB
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e42/pdf/pp1708_e42.pdf>)E.5.1Regional Seismic
Lines Across the Rome Trough and Allegheny Plateau of Northern West
Virginia, Western Maryland, and Southwestern West Virginia
By Christopher S. Kulander and Robert T. RyderPDF (123 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/e51/pdf/pp1708_e51.pdf>F.1Thermal Maturity
Patterns (Conodont Color Alteration Index and Vitrinite Reflectance) in
Upper Ordovician and Devonian Rocks of the Appalachian Basin: A Major
Revision of USGS Map I–917–E Using New Subsurface Collections
By John E. Repetski, Robert T. Ryder, David J. Weary, Anita G. Harris, and
Michael H. TrippiPDF (325 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/f1/pdf/pp1708_f1.pdf>F.2Thermal Maturity
Patterns in Pennsylvanian Coal-Bearing Rocks in Alabama, Tennessee,
Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Maryland, and Pennsylvania
By Leslie F. Ruppert, Michael H. Trippi, James C. Hower, William C. Grady,
and Jeffrey R. LevinePDF (226 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/f2/pdf/pp1708_f2.pdf>G.1Assessment of
Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Resources: Carboniferous Coal-bed Gas Total
Petroleum System
By Robert C. MiliciPDF (7.19 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g1/pdf/pp1708_g1.pdf>G.2Coalbed-Methane
Production in the Appalachian Basin
By Robert C. Milici and Désirée E. PolyakPDF (2.36 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g2/pdf/pp1708_g2.pdf>G.3Results of
Coalbed-Methane Drilling, Mylan Park, Monongalia County, West Virginia
By Leslie F. Ruppert, Nick Fedorko, Peter D. Warwick, William C. Grady,
James Q. Britton, William A. Schuller, and Robert D. Crangle, Jr.PDF (2.11
MB) <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g3/pdf/pp1708_g3.pdf>G.4Results of
Coalbed-Methane Drilling, Meadowfill Landfill, Harrison County, West
Virginia
By Leslie F. Ruppert, Michael H. Trippi, Nick Fedorko, William C. Grady,
Cortland F. Eble, and William A. SchullerPDF (1.28 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g4/pdf/pp1708_g4.pdf>G.5Appalachian Basin
Bituminous Coal: Sulfur Content and Potential Sulfur Dioxide Emissions of
Coal Mined for Electrical Power Generation
By Michael H. Trippi, Leslie F. Ruppert, Emil D. Attanasi, Robert C.
Milici, and Philip A. FreemanPDF (8.51 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g5/pdf/pp1708_g5.pdf>G.6Composition of
Natural Gas and Crude Oil Produced From 14 Wells in the Lower Silurian
“Clinton” Sandstone and Medina Group Sandstones, Northeastern Ohio and
Northwestern Pennsylvania
By Robert C. Burruss and Robert T. RyderPDF (1.45 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g6/pdf/pp1708_g6.pdf>G.7Composition of
Natural Gas and Crude Oil Produced From 10 Wells in the Lower Silurian
"Clinton" Sandstone, Trumbull County, Ohio
By Robert C. Burruss and Robert T. RyderPDF (2.93 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g7/pdf/pp1708_g7.pdf>G.8Evidence for Cambrian
Petroleum Source Rocks in the Rome Trough of West Virginia and Kentucky,
Appalachian Basin
By Robert T. Ryder, David C. Harris, Paul Gerome, Timothy J. Hainsworth,
Robert C. Burruss, Paul G. Lillis, Daniel M. Jarvie, and Mark J. PawlewiczPDF
(2.95 MB) <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g8/pdf/pp1708_g8.pdf>G.9Assessment
of Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Resources: Devonian Gas Shales of the
Devonian Shale-Middle and Upper Paleozoic Total Petroleum System
By Robert C. Milici and Christopher S. SwezeyPDF (9.50 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g9/pdf/pp1708_g9.pdf>G.10Assessment of
Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Resources: Utica-Lower Paleozoic Total
Petroleum System
By Robert T. RyderPDF (19.1 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g10/pdf/pp1708_g10.pdf>G.11In Search of a
Silurian Total Petroleum System in the Appalachian Basin of New York, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, and West Virginia
By Robert T. Ryder, Christopher S. Swezey, Michael H. Trippi, Erika E.
Lentz, K. Lee Avary, John A. Harper, William M. Kappel, and Ronald G. ReaPDF
(191 KB) <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g11/pdf/pp1708_g11.pdf>G.12The
Geochemistry of Oils and Gases From the Cumberland Overthrust Sheet in
Virginia and Tennessee
By Kristin O. Dennen, Mark Deering, and Robert C. BurrussPDF (2.88 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g12/pdf/pp1708_g12.pdf>G.13Overview of the
Potential and Identified Petroleum Source Rocks of the Appalachian Basin,
Eastern United States
By James L. Coleman, Jr., Robert T. Ryder, Robert C. Milici, and Stephen
BrownPDF (8.96 MB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g13/pdf/pp1708_g13.pdf>H.1Introduction
to Selected References on Fossil Fuels of the Central and Southern
Appalachian Basin
By Leslie F. Ruppert, Erika E. Lentz, Susan J. Tewalt, and Yomayra A. Román
ColónPDF (96 KB) <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/h1/pdf/pp1708_h1.pdf>H.2Selected
References: Oil and Gas Resources of the Central and Southern Appalachian
Basin
By Erika E. Lentz, Leslie F. Ruppert, and Yomayra A. Román ColónPDF (199 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/h2/pdf/pp1708_h2.pdf>H.3Selected References:
Coal Geology of the Central and Southern Appalachian Basin
By Leslie F. Ruppert, Susan J. Tewalt, and Yomayra A. Román ColónPDF (236
KB) <http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/h3/pdf/pp1708_h3.pdf>H.4Selected
References: Thermal History of the Central and Southern Appalachian Basin
By Erika E. Lentz, Leslie F. Ruppert, and Yomayra A. Román ColónPDF (208 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/h4/pdf/pp1708_h4.pdf>H.5Selected References:
Coalbed-Methane Resources of the Central and Southern Appalachian Basin
By Erika E. Lentz, Leslie F. Ruppert, and Yomayra A. Román ColónPDF (168 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/h5/pdf/pp1708_h5.pdf>H.6Selected References:
Gas Geochemistry of the Central and Southern Appalachian Basin
By Erika E. Lentz, Leslie F. Ruppert, and Yomayra A. Román ColónPDF (109 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/h6/pdf/pp1708_h6.pdf>I.1Digital Data in
Support of Studies and Assessments of Coal and Petroleum Resources in the
Appalachian Basin
By Michael H. Trippi, Scott A. Kinney, Gregory Gunther, Robert T. Ryder,
and Leslie F. RuppertPDF (223 KB)
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/ii/pdf/pp1708_I1pdf.pdf>





























































































































































































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U.S. Geological Survey, Denver Library
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