Ben, Have you checked your cartridge alignment? I'm slowly learning about discs but Doug Pomeroy has discussed this in several venues to far greater detail. There is a corollary in cartridge alignment similar to azimuth in tape head alignment. If this is off, it will make what you are trying to do less effective. Cheers, Richard -- Richard L. Hess email: [log in to unmask] Aurora, Ontario, Canada 647 479 2800 http://www.richardhess.com/tape/contact.htm Quality tape transfers -- even from hard-to-play tapes.