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Hi Matt:

What digital audio formats aside from FLAC are considered "non-proprietary, or open source"? Is WAV? 
How about AIFF?

-- Tom Fine

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Matthew Snyder" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Tuesday, May 12, 2015 9:36 AM
Subject: Re: [ARSCLIST] Is it time to rethink FLAC ?


> Lou Judson <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> Is this a proper use of =93normalize=94 in the archivist industry? I
> would think standardize would be more correct.
>
> In the terminology of archives and digital preservation, normalize means to
> transfer files into preservation formats, that is, non-proprietary, or open
> source, or a format which will be reasonably easy to work with and read
> going into the future. For example, it is common to transfer from MS Word
> to PDF/A, since PDF/A is, for the moment, the more stable and
> non-proprietary format. This means that archivists need to be aware of
> formats that are becoming unusable for a variety of reasons, such as
> changing hardware standards, and they may need to re-normalize, either by
> going back to the original file, or if that is no longer possible, by
> migrating the normalized file to a new format. Exactly WHICH formats to
> normalize to is not at all standardized, which is probably why the term is
> "normalize", although that is just a guess of mine.
>
> --
> Matt Snyder
> Archivist
> Special Collections Unit
> The New York Public Library
> [log in to unmask]
>
>
>
>
>
> -- 
> Matt Snyder
> Archivist
> Special Collections Unit
> The New York Public Library
> [log in to unmask]
> Tel: 917-229-9582
>
>