I know I know the name of this movie and TV show:  alien genetic slaves
revolt against their overlords, find their way to Earth, and adopt the
names of cities when they integrate into Earth society. One alien named
Sanfrancisco partners with a human to solve alien crime.
Does anyone know who wrote the book or story the series is based on.

Steve Collins

On Mar 6, 2017 6:29 AM, "Dennis Fischer" <[log in to unmask]> wrote:

*Smithsonian .com*
Oxford scientists call into question the idea that the universe’s expansion
is accelerating

   - *By Jessica Hall <> on October
   26, 2016 at 1:15 pm*

[image: alt]
Type Ia supernovae are affectionately called “standard candles” in astronomy
. They’re blessedly predictable, so we use them to measure distances.The
2011 Nobel Prize in Physics went to three astronomers who used standard
candles to reach the same conclusion based on the same data: namely, that
the universe is expanding at an ever-accelerating rate. But a team of
cosmologists from Oxford have done a new analysis using an expanded library
of supernovae, and their results cast doubt on the Nobel-winning
When the Oxford team did their own analysis of the universe’s expansion
scenarios, their best-case, most-certain outcome was much less confident
that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate. Instead, the data
<> “lends itself” to the conclusion
that the rate of expansion is constant.
[image: Possible Models of the Expanding Universe]
Possible models of the expanding universe. Image credit: The Cosmic
Perspective / Jeffrey O. Bennett, Megan O. Donahue, Nicholas Schneider and
Mark Voit.
It all hinges on the idea of sigmas. Like p-values, sigmas are meant to
convey a measure of the confidence scientists have in their data. Higher
sigma values, like lower p-values, mean greater confidence. The conclusions
on the expansion of our universe that won the Nobel had a five-sigma
confidence rating. The Oxford scientists got just three sigma in their most
confident model. While that doesn’t just tear down the current standard
model of cosmology, it does raise the possibility that we should run a
sanity check. If the data that we have isn’t a representative sample of the
behavior of our standard candles, then we really need to go check out what
other hypotheses we’ve based on that data set.
“An analogous example in this context would be the recent suggestion for a
new particle weighing 750 GeV based on data from the Large Hadron Collider
at CERN,” said lead author Subir Sarkar in a statement
. “It initially had even higher significance – 3.9 and 3.4 sigma in
December last year – and stimulated over 500 theoretical papers. However,
it was announced in August that new data shows that the significance has
dropped to less than 1 sigma. It was just a statistical fluctuation, and
there is no such particle.”
Sarkar noted that dark energy could be so difficult to find because it
doesn’t actually exist. The problem in our hypotheses that we solved using
the concept of dark matter might just be an artifact of doing our major
cosmological theories in the 1930s, “long before there was any real data.”
Naturally, Sarkar says, a lot of work will be necessary to sell the physics
community on these ideas. “Hopefully this will motivate better analyses of
cosmological data, as well as inspiring theorists to investigate more
nuanced cosmological models,” added Sarkar. “Significant progress will be
made when the European Extremely Large Telescope makes observations with an
ultrasensitive ‘laser comb’ to directly measure over a 10 to 15-year period
whether the expansion rate is indeed accelerating.”