Same here, Olivia. I ask catalogers to think about which type is most prevalent/important/notable, and put that one first. The only real implication of having >1 value that I can think of is, I believe DPLA will use the first value for faceting if it receives more than one.




Helen Baer

Head, Digital Repositories Unit

Assistant Professor

Morgan Library

1201 Center Avenue Mall

Colorado State University

Fort Collins, CO 80523-1019

Phone: 970-491-5934

Please help us transcribe Delph Carpenter's Diaries


From: Metadata Object Description Schema List <[log in to unmask]> On Behalf Of McAulay, Lisa
Sent: Thursday, March 12, 2020 9:04 AM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: [MODS] Type of Resource: still image vs. text corner cases


Hi Olivia,


I frequently use both in the cases you describe. My reasoning is to improve retrieval for people looking for basic features of an item. I can tak about it in further detail if anyone is interested, but that’s the short answer.





Elizabeth McAulay

Head of the Digital Library Program

UCLA Library

email: emcaulay /at/

On Mar 12, 2020, at 7:55 AM, Olivia S Solis <[log in to unmask]> wrote:

Hi all,


I am revising our Metadata style guide for digital objects and have some lingering questions about the application of "still image" and "text" in <typeOfResource>. In our guide, we list examples of formats that would apply to the Type of Resource options, including "still image" and "text." We draw from the MARC Leader/6 format assignments, with formats in k mapping to "still image". For most resources, the type is obvious based on the format (a photograph is a still image, a letter or newspaper article is text).


Frequently, catalogers ask, though, about some corner cases, such as:

  • A newspaper clipping of a photo and a caption
  • A poster that is entirely text, though graphic in nature

Our mapping of formats to typeOfResource assigns posters to "still image" and newspaper clippings, which are mostly articles in our archives, to "text."


What does your institution do about cases like these? Do you map formats to <typeOfResource> regardless of content?


Ultimately, I want consistent metadata, and a format-based mapping is a way to better achieve this. I could though envision, for example, in the formats mapped to "text", an item such as "newspaper clippings (exception: clipping containing a photo and caption)".






Olivia Solis, MSIS

Metadata Coordinator

Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

The University of Texas at Austin

2300 Red River St. Stop D1100

Austin TX, 78712-1426

(512) 232-8013