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Focus on Electronic Information No. 97-03

Date:  March 1997

Subject:  Career Information on the Internet

Timely and comprehensive information about careers and the
world of work has long been of great interest to youths and
adults who are planning their entrance into the workforce or
contemplating a career change.  Because of the sheer volume
of material and the rapidity with which it changes, this
type of information has been among the most difficult to
provide in an alternative format.  The four sites listed
below can provide a wealth of career-related information to
both young people and adults in a wide variety of life
situations.

1996-97 Occupational Outlook Handbook
http://stats.bls.gov/ocohome.htm

     Published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.
     Department of Labor, this twenty-second edition of the
     _Occupational Outlook Handbook_ describes more than 300
     occupations that, together, account for 91 percent of
     all jobs in the nation.

     Major sections include:

     Job Descriptions: alphabetically by title

     Key Occupational Areas--the nature of the work, working
     conditions, employment figures, qualifications, job
     outlook, and earnings for:

     --   administrative support occupations, including
          clerical;
     --   agriculture, forestry, fishing, and related
          occupations;
     --   construction trades and extractive occupations;
     --   executive, administrative, and managerial
          occupations;
     --   marketing and sales occupations;
     --   mechanical, installation, and repair occupations;
     --   production occupations;
     --   professional specialty occupations;
     --   service occupations;
     --   technical and related support occupations; and
     --   transportation and material-moving occupations

The following information is provided for each occupational
area:

     Nature of the Work

     --   what workers do on the job, the equipment they
          use, and how closely they are supervised;
     --   how the duties of workers vary by industry,
          establishment, and size of firm;
     --   how the responsibilities of entry-level workers
          differ from those of experienced, supervisory, or
          self-employed workers;
     --   how technological innovations are changing what
          workers do and how they do it; and
     --   emerging specialties

     Working Conditions

     --   typical hours worked;
     --   the workplace environment;
     --   susceptibility to injury, illness, and job-related
          stress;
     --   necessary protective clothing and safety
          equipment;
     --   physical activities required; and
     --   extent of travel required

     Employment

     --   the number of jobs the occupation provided in
          1994;
     --   key industries employing workers in the
          occupation;
     --   geographic distribution of jobs; and
     --   the proportion of part-time (fewer than 35 hours a
          week) and self-employed workers in the occupation

     Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement

     --   most-significant sources of training, typical
          length of training, and training preferred by
          employers;
     --   whether workers acquire skills through previous
          work experience, informal on-the-job training,
          formal training (including apprenticeships)
          offered by employers or unions, the Armed Forces,
          home study, or hobbies and other activities;
     --   formal educational requirements high school,
          postsecondary vocational or technical training,
          college, or graduate or professional education;
     --   desirable skills, aptitudes, and personal
          characteristics;
     --   certification, examination, or licensing required
          for entry into the field, advancement, or for
          independent practice;
     --   continuing education or skill improvement
          requirements; and
     --   paths of advancement

     Job Outlook

     --   forces that will result in growth or decline in
          the number of jobs;
     --   relative number of job openings an occupation
          provides.  Occupations that are large and have
          high turnover rates generally provide the most job
          openings reflecting the need to replace workers
          who transfer to other occupations or stop working;
     --   degree of competition for jobs. Is there a surplus
          or shortage of jobseekers compared to the number
          of job openings available? Do opportunities vary
          by industry, size of firm, or geographic location?
          Even in overcrowded fields, job openings do exist,
          and good students or well-qualified individuals
          should not be deterred from undertaking training
          or seeking entry; and
     --   susceptibility to layoffs due to imports,
          slowdowns in economic activity, technological
          advancements, or budget cuts

Other sections include:

     --   Job Interview Tips;

     --   Sources of Information on Career Planning and
          Training: includes career information, education
          and training information, and financial aid
          information;

     --   Tomorrow's Jobs;

     --   What Goes into a Resume;

     --   Where to Learn about Job Openings;

     --   Dictionary of Occupational Titles Coverage;

     --   Sources of State and Local Job Information; and

     --   Summary Data for Occupations Not Studied in Detail


Office of Personnel Management
http://www.opm.gov

     The U.S. government's official site for jobs and
     employment information is provided by the United States
     Office of Personnel Management.  This site includes
     current job openings, general information, information
     for veterans, online applications, and much more.

WINGS: Web Interactive Network of Government Services
http://www.wings.usps.gov

     Maintained by the U.S. Postal Service, WINGS is an
     online provider of a variety of federal, state, and
     local government services including employment
     information.

Planning Your Future
http://safetynet.doleta.gov

     This U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training
     Administration site includes information about career
     transition, federal and nonfederal employment,
     retirement, buyouts, reduction in force (RIF),
     benefits, return to school, and other transitional
     tools such as starting a business.  Sections include:
     starting a new career, your federal retirement, and
     what everyone needs to know about RIFs.